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Republic of El Salvador
República de El Salvador
and largest city
|Government||Federal presidential constitutional republic|
|Salvador Cerén (F)|
|Óscar Ortiz (F)|
|Sigfrido Morales (F)|
|Judge Belarmino Jaime|
• from Spain
|September 15, 1821|
• Recognized by Spain
|June 24, 1865|
• from the Greater Republic of Central America
|November 13, 1898|
|21,040 km2 (8,120 sq mi) (153rd)|
• Water (%)
• July 2009 estimate
• 2009 census
|341.5/km2 (884.5/sq mi) (47th)|
El Salvador (Spanish: República de El Salvador) is the smallest and most densely populated country in Central America. The country's capital and largest city is San Salvador. Other important cities are: Santa Ana and San Miguel. El Salvador borders the Pacific Ocean on the south, and the countries of Guatemala to the west and Honduras to the north and east.
In 2010 El Salvador ranked in the top 10 Latin American countries in terms of Human Development Index. It was in the top 3 in Central America (behind Costa Rica and Panama). Also, tropical forests and overall forests have expanded by nearly 20% from the year 1992 to 2010, making it one of the few countries experiencing reforestation.
In El Salvador there are only two seasons. The dry season starts in mid-October and it lasts until mid May. During the dry season, it hardly ever rains. The wet season starts in mid-May and ends in mid-October. In this season it rains every day. The dry season is called summer and the rainy season is called winter.
Most of the population is mestizo, a mixture of European and American people.
Department names and abbreviations for the 14 Salvadoran Departments:
|Departments of El Salvador|
| Western El Salvador
Santa Ana (Santa Ana)
| Central El Salvador
La Libertad(Santa Tecla)
San Salvador (San Salvador)
La Paz (Zacatecoluca)
San Vicente (San Vicente)
| Eastern El Salvador |
San Miguel (San Miguel)
Morazán (San Francisco Gotera)
La Unión (La Unión)
|Note: Departmental capitals are in parentheses.|
- "UNdata El Salvador". UN. 2008. http://data.un.org/CountryProfile.aspx?crName=El%20Salvador. Retrieved 2010-07-04.
- Gob.sv (Spanish)
- "El Salvador". International Monetary Fund. http://www.imf.org/external/pubs/ft/weo/2011/01/weodata/weorept.aspx?pr.x=85&pr.y=13&sy=2008&ey=2011&scsm=1&ssd=1&sort=country&ds=.&br=1&c=253&s=NGDPD%2CNGDPDPC%2CPPPGDP%2CPPPPC%2CLP&grp=0&a=. Retrieved 2011-04-21.
- "Human Development Report 2010". United Nations. 2010. http://hdr.undp.org/en/media/HDR_2010_EN_Table1.pdf. Retrieved 5 November 2010.
- "Monetary integration" (in English). Government of Ecuador. Archived from the original on 28 April 2007. http://web.archive.org/web/20070428123851/http://www.bcr.gob.sv/ingles/integracion/ley.html.
- World's Forests Rebounding, Study Suggests. News.nationalgeographic.com (2010-10-28). Retrieved on 2012-07-28.