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El Salvador

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Republic of El Salvador

República de El Salvador
Flag of El Salvador
Location of El Salvador
and largest city
San Salvador
Official languagesSpanish
GovernmentFederal presidential constitutional republic
• President
Salvador Cerén (F)
Óscar Ortiz (F)
Sigfrido Morales (F)
Judge Belarmino Jaime
LegislatureLegislative Assembly
• from Spain
September 15, 1821
• Recognized by Spain
June 24, 1865
November 13, 1898
• Total
21,040 km2 (8,120 sq mi) (153rd)
• Water (%)
• July 2009 estimate
6,134,000[1] (99th)
• 2009 census
• Density
341.5/km2 (884.5/sq mi) (47th)
GDP (PPP)2010 estimate
• Total
$43.567 billion[3]
• Per capita
GDP (nominal)2010 estimate
• Total
$21.700 billion[3]
• Per capita
Gini (2002)52.4
HDI (2010)Increase 0.659[4]
medium · 90th
CurrencyU.S. dollar2 (USD)
Time zoneUTC−6 (CST)
Driving sideright
Calling code+5031
ISO 3166 codeSV
  1. Telephone companies (market share): Tigo (45%), Claro (25%), Movistar (24%), Digicel (5.5%), Red (0.5%).
  2. The United States dollar is the currency in use. Financial information can be expressed in U.S. Dollars and in Salvadoran colón, but the colón is out of circulation.[5]
  3. On the Coat of Arms of El Salvador, the country's name is written "Republica de El Salvador en la America Central", Meaning "Republic of El Salvador in Central America"

El Salvador (Spanish: República de El Salvador) is the smallest and most densely populated country in Central America. The country's capital and largest city is San Salvador. Other important cities are: Santa Ana and San Miguel. El Salvador borders the Pacific Ocean on the south, and the countries of Guatemala to the west and Honduras to the north and east.

In 2010 El Salvador ranked in the top 10 Latin American countries in terms of Human Development Index. It was in the top 3 in Central America (behind Costa Rica and Panama). Also, tropical forests and overall forests have expanded by nearly 20% from the year 1992 to 2010, making it one of the few countries experiencing reforestation.[6]

In El Salvador there are only two seasons. The dry season starts in mid-October and it lasts until mid May. During the dry season, it hardly ever rains. The wet season starts in mid-May and ends in mid-October. In this season it rains every day. The dry season is called summer and the rainy season is called winter.

Most of the population is mestizo, a mixture of European and American people.


El Salvador is divided into 14 departments (departamentos). These are divided into 262 municipalities (municipios).

Department names and abbreviations for the 14 Salvadoran Departments:

Departments of El Salvador
Political division of El Salvador.
Western El Salvador
Ahuachapán (Ahuachapán)
Santa Ana (Santa Ana)
Sonsonate (Sonsonate)
Central El Salvador
La Libertad(Santa Tecla)
Chalatenango (Chalatenango)
Cuscatlán (Cojutepeque)
San Salvador (San Salvador)
La Paz (Zacatecoluca)
Cabañas (Sensuntepeque)
San Vicente (San Vicente)
Eastern El Salvador
Usulután (Usulután)
San Miguel (San Miguel)
Morazán (San Francisco Gotera)
La Unión (La Unión)
Note: Departmental capitals are in parentheses.