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|Republic of Guatemala
República de Guatemala (Spanish)
|Motto: "País de la Eterna Primavera"
"Land of the Eternal Spring"
|Anthem: Himno Nacional de Guatemala
National anthem of Guatemala
and largest city
|Government||Unitary presidential Constitutional republic|
|-||President||Otto Pérez Molina|
|-||Vice President||Roxana Baldetti|
|-||from Spain||September 15, 1821|
|-||Total||108,889 km2 (107th)
42,042 sq mi
|-||July 2011 estimate||13,824,463 (69th)|
|-||July 2007 census||12,728,111|
|GDP (PPP)||2011 estimate|
|GDP (nominal)||2011 estimate|
|HDI (2011)|| 0.574
medium · 131st
|Time zone||CST (UTC−6)|
|Drives on the||right|
Guatemala is a country in Central America. It is known for its mixed culture, a product of both Mayan and Spanish cultures, from the colonial period. Guatemala is known for its ever-changing weather, a product of the mountain range which crosses the center of the country. Guatemala has many languages, a total of 23.
The capital of Guatemala is Guatemala City. The country´s current president is Otto Perez Molina, leader of The Patriotic Party. The country suffers from extreme poverty, corruption, drug traffication, and discrimination.
It is the country with the largest population in Central America. Its neighbors are the countries Belize, Mexico, El Salvador and Honduras. More than fourteen million people live in the 22 Guatemalan departments. Most of the population is made up of mestizo (mixed race) people, who are a combination of Native and European people. The population of the Mestizo people make up 42% of the population. The native Mayan people make up for 39% of the total population, while 20% are direct descendants of Spanish and German people.
Guatemala is famous for its natural beauty, and is a popular tourist destination.
Most people believe that Guatemala City was the first choice, but the capital was moved several times. This was caused by the natural disasters. The first city was destroyed when the volcano Volcan de Agua erupted, forcing the move to what today is called Antigua Guatemala. This was destroyed by earthquakes. Finally, the capital was moved to what we know as Guatemala City.
- Aguirre, Lily (1949). The land of eternal spring: Guatemala, my beautiful country. Patio Press. pp. 253. http://books.google.com/books?id=LodnAAAAMAAJ&q=land+of+the+eternal+spring&dq=land+of+the+eternal+spring&hl=en&sa=X&ei=wkMbT6KqLOja0QH2hdToCw&ved=0CDAQ6AEwAA.
- "Guatemala". International Monetary Fund. http://www.imf.org/external/pubs/ft/weo/2011/01/weodata/weorept.aspx?sy=2008&ey=2011&scsm=1&ssd=1&sort=country&ds=.&br=1&c=258&s=NGDPD%2CNGDPDPC%2CPPPGDP%2CPPPPC%2CLP&grp=0&a=&pr.x=24&pr.y=13. Retrieved December 22, 2011.
- "Human Development Report 2011". United Nations. 2011. http://hdr.undp.org/en/media/HDR_2011_EN_Tables.pdf. Retrieved December 22, 2011.