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Republic of Guatemala
República de Guatemala (Spanish)
and largest city
|Government||Unitary presidential Constitutional republic|
• from Spain
|September 15, 1821|
|108,889 km2 (42,042 sq mi) (107th)|
• Water (%)
• July 2011 estimate
• July 2007 census
|129/km2 (334.1/sq mi) (85th)|
|GDP (PPP)||2011 estimate|
• Per capita
|GDP (nominal)||2011 estimate|
• Per capita
|HDI (2011)|| 0.574|
medium · 131st
|Time zone||UTC−6 (CST)|
|ISO 3166 code||GT|
Guatemala is a country in Central America. It is known for its mixed culture, a product of both Mayan and Spanish cultures, from the colonial period. Guatemala is known for its ever-changing weather, a product of the mountain range which crosses the center of the country. Guatemala has many languages, a total of 23. Because of its natural beauty, it is a popular tourist destination.
The capital of Guatemala is Guatemala City. The country suffers from extreme poverty, corruption, drug trafficking, and discrimination.
It is the country with the largest population in Central America. Its neighbors are the countries Belize, Mexico, El Salvador and Honduras. More than fourteen million people live in the 22 Guatemalan departments. Most of the population is made up of mestizo (mixed race) people, who are a combination of Native and European people. Mestizo people make up 42% of the population. Native Mayan people make up 39% of the total population, while 19% are direct descendants of Spanish and German people.
Most people believe that Guatemala City was the first choice for the capital city, but the capital was moved several times. This was caused by natural disasters. The first city was destroyed when the volcano Volcan de Agua erupted, forcing the move to what today is called Antigua Guatemala. This city was destroyed by earthquakes. Finally, the capital was moved to what we know as Guatemala City.
- Aguirre, Lily (1949). The land of eternal spring: Guatemala, my beautiful country. Patio Press. pp. 253. https://books.google.com/books?id=LodnAAAAMAAJ&q=land+of+the+eternal+spring&dq=land+of+the+eternal+spring&hl=en&sa=X&ei=wkMbT6KqLOja0QH2hdToCw&ved=0CDAQ6AEwAA.
- "Guatemala". International Monetary Fund. http://www.imf.org/external/pubs/ft/weo/2011/01/weodata/weorept.aspx?sy=2008&ey=2011&scsm=1&ssd=1&sort=country&ds=.&br=1&c=258&s=NGDPD%2CNGDPDPC%2CPPPGDP%2CPPPPC%2CLP&grp=0&a=&pr.x=24&pr.y=13. Retrieved December 22, 2011.
- "Human Development Report 2011". United Nations. 2011. http://hdr.undp.org/en/media/HDR_2011_EN_Tables.pdf. Retrieved December 22, 2011.
- Cardamom and Guatemala