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A tourist symbol

Tourism means where people travel for fun. It includes such activities as sightseeing and camping.

Travel for fun

People who travel for fun are called "tourists". Places that a lot of people visit are called "resorts".

There are a lot of reasons why people travel for fun:

  • Some people travel to learn about the history of a city or country, or learn about the people who live there, or their ancestors.
  • People from cold places might want to relax in the sun. Many people from the north of Europe travel to Spain, Italy, Greece and Turkey for the sun.
  • Some people travel to do an activity which they cannot do at home. There are lots of skiing resorts in Switzerland and Austria, where people who do not have mountains at home can ski.
  • People sometimes visit friends and family in another city or country.
  • Finally, some people enjoy a change in scenery.

The tourism industry

The tourism industry has different parts. Some of these are:

Damage tourism can bring

Tourism can bring damage to the local area. Litter, scuba-diving and deforestation are problems for popular places such as St. Lucia, Hawaii and other far away places. Scuba-diving can cause damage to coral reefs which are home to hundreds of species of sea animals.

Tourism can change culture, and certain local traditions are being put aside for tourists.

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