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Papua New Guinea

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Independent State of Papua New Guinea
Independen Stet bilong Papua Niugini
Motto: "Unity in diversity"[1]
Anthem: O Arise, All You Sons [2]
and largest city
Port Moresby
9°30′S 147°07′E / 9.5°S 147.117°E / -9.5; 147.117
Official languages[3]
Demonym Papua New Guinean
Government Unitary parliamentary democracy under constitutional monarchy
 -  Monarch Elizabeth II
 -  Governor General Michael Ogio
 -  Prime Minister Peter O'Neill
Legislature National Parliament
 -  from Australia 16 September 1975 
 -  Total 462,840 km2 (56th)
178,703 sq mi 
 -  Water (%) 2
 -  2011 Census preliminary results estimate 7,059,653[4] (102nd)
 -  2000 census 5,190,783
 -  Density 15/km2 (201st)
34.62/sq mi
GDP (PPP) 2011 estimate
 -  Total $16.863 billion[5]
 -  Per capita $2,532[5]
GDP (nominal) 2011 estimate
 -  Total $12.655 billion[5]
 -  Per capita $1,900[5]
Gini (1996)50.9
HDI (2011)Increase 0.466
low · 153rd
Currency Papua New Guinean kina (PGK)
Time zone AEST (UTC+10)
 -  Summer (DST) not observed (UTC+10)
(as of 2005)
Drives on the left
Calling code +675
Internet TLD .pg

Papua New Guinea is a country near Indonesia and Australia. It contains the east half of New Guinea island and some more nearby islands. The capital city of Papua New Guinea is Port Moresby.


Administrative divisions

Papua New Guinea is divided into four regions. These regions are important for government, commercial, sporting and other activities.

The nation has 20 province-level divisions: eighteen, the Autonomous Region of Bougainville and the National Capital District. Each province is divided into one or more districts. The districts are divided into one or more Local Level Government areas.

The province-level divisions are as follows:

  1. Central
  2. Chimbu (Simbu)
  3. Eastern Highlands
  4. East New Britain
  5. East Sepik
  6. Enga
  7. Gulf
  8. Madang
  9. Manus
  10. Milne Bay
  1. Morobe
  2. New Ireland
  3. Northern (Oro Province)
  4. Bougainville (autonomous region)
  5. Southern Highlands
  6. Western Province (Fly)
  7. Western Highlands
  8. West New Britain
  9. West Sepik (Sandaun)
  10. National Capital District
Provinces of Papua New Guinea.

Parliament has approved two additional provinces by 2012: Hela Province, which will be part of the current Southern Highlands Province, and Jiwaka Province, which will be formed by dividing Western Highlands Province.[6]


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