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Autonomous Region of Bougainville




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Autonomous Region of Bougainville

Flag of Bougainville
Motto: 
Anthem: 
6°0′S 155°0′E / 6.000°S 155.000°E / -6.000; 155.000
Capital
and largest city
Buka
6.3754° S, 155.3807° E
Official languagesEnglish, Tok Pisin
Tok Pisin
North Bougainville languages
South Bougainville languages
Demonym(s)Bougainvillean
GovernmentAutonomous Region
• President
John Momis
Raymond Masono
LegislatureHouse of Representatives
Establishment
• Autonomy
25 June 2002
7 December 2019
Area
• Total
9,384 km2 (3,623 sq mi)
Population
• 2011 estimate
249,358
HDI (2018)Increase 0.580[2]
medium
CurrencyPapua New Guinean kina (PGK)
Time zoneUTC+11 (Bougainville Standard Time)
Driving sideleft
Calling code+675

Bougainville (/ˈbɡənˌvɪl/ boh-GHƏN-vil;[3] Tok Pisin: Bogenvil [4][5]), officially the Autonomous Region of Bougainville, is an autonomous region in Papua New Guinea. The largest island is Bougainville Island, while the region also includes Buka Island and a number of outlying islands and atolls.

The interim capital is Buka.[6]

In 2011, the region had an estimated population of 250,000 people.

In late 2019, an independence referendum was held with 98.31% voting for independence rather than continued autonomy within Papua New Guinea.

References