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Location of the Falkland Islands.
and largest city
|Government||British Overseas Territory[b]|
• Responsible Minister (UK)
|Hugo Swire MP|
|12,173 km2 (4,700 sq mi) (162nd)|
• Water (%)
• 2012 estimate
|0.26/km2 (0.7/sq mi) (241st)|
|GDP (PPP)||2005 estimate|
|$75 million (223rd)|
• Per capita
|Currency||Falkland Islands pound[d] (FKP)|
|Time zone||UTC−3 (FKST[e])|
|ISO 3166 code||FK|
The Falkland Islands (or Islas Malvinas in Spanish) are a group of islands in the South Atlantic ocean, off the coast of South America. They are an overseas territory of the United Kingdom, but Argentina has claimed them since 1833. A war (the Falklands War) was fought over their possession during Margaret Thatcher`s time as British Prime Minister. There are many islands in the group but the two biggest are East Falkland and West Falkland. About 3,000 people live on them. The people of the islands are British and speak English. The main income for the people is from fishing and sheep farming.
The Falkland Islands are about 300 miles (480 km) east of Argentina. Argentina and the UK had a short war in 1982 because Argentina claims to own the islands. The war lasted 6 weeks and about 1,000 soldiers were killed. The UK defeated Argentina and after this the governments of the two countries would not negotiate (talk) with each other. In 1990 they began to have talks again, but Argentina later refused to continue talks. Oil and gas has been found below the sea around the islands. Argentina and the UK have agreed to share the oil and gas. There is also oil and gas outside the sea area that belongs to the UK. This is owned by Argentina.
- Robertson, Janet (6 March 2012). "New Chief Executive for Falkland Islands Governmen". Penguin News. http://www.penguin-news.com/index.php/news/politics/item/278-new-chief-executive~~~~-for-falkland-islands-government. Retrieved 6 March 2012.
- "Falkland Islands Census 2012: Headline results". Falkland Islands Government. 10 September 2012. http://www.falklands.gov.fk/assets/Headline-Results-from-Census-2012.pdf. Retrieved 19 December 2012.
- 2002 estimate. "CIA World Factbook 2012". cia.gov. https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/fk.html. Retrieved 2013-01-04.
- "Falkland Islands will remain on summer time throughout 2011". MercoPress. 31 March 2011. http://en.mercopress.com/2011/03/31/falkland-islands-will-remain-on-summer-time-throughout-2011. Retrieved 4 February 2012.
- Joshua Project. "Ethnic People Groups of Falkland Islands". Joshua Project. http://www.joshuaproject.net/countries.php?rog3=FK. Retrieved 28 February 2010.
- L.L. Ivanov et al.. The Future of the Falkland Islands and Its People. Sofia: Manfred Wörner Foundation, 2003. 96 pp. ISBN 954-91503-1-3 (Capítulo principal en español)
- Carlos Escudé y Andrés Cisneros, dir. Historia general de las relaciones exteriores de la República Argentina. Obra desarrollada y publicada bajo los auspicios del Consejo Argentino para las Relaciones Internacionales (CARI). Buenos Aires: GEL/Nuevohacer, 2000. ISBN 950-694-546-2 (en castellano)
- Graham Pascoe and Peter Pepper. Getting it right: The real history of the Falklands/Malvinas. May 2008.
- D.W. Greig, Sovereignty and the Falkland Islands Crisis. Austrialian Year Book of International Law. Vol. 8 (1983). pp. 20–70. ISSN: 0084-7658