# Mile

A mile is a unit of length. There are many different kinds of mile but mile on its own usually means the statute mile.

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## Statute mile

In the US and the UK the word mile usually means the statute mile.

Feet Yard Chain Furlong Mile Kilometres
5,280 1,760 80 8 1 1.609344

## Nautical mile

The nautical mile is used for sea or air travel.

The nautical mile was originally defined as one minute of arc along a line of longitude of the Earth. There are 60 minutes of arc in one degree or arc (60' = 1°). So there were 10,800 nautical miles from the North Pole to the South Pole.

Now the nautical mile is defined as 1,852 metres.

 1 nautical mile = 1,852 metres (by definition) ≈ 6,076 feet ≈ 1.151 statute miles

The speed of a ship that travels one nautical mile in one hour is called one knot

## Roman mile

The mile was first used by the Romans. It comes from the Latin phrase mille passus (plural: milia passuum). This means "one thousand paces". A pace is the distance each foot moves when taking one step.

“the Roman pace, measured from the heel of one foot to the heel of the same foot in the next stride”[1]

 1 Roman mile = 1,000 Roman paces (by definition) ≈ 1,479 metres ≈ 4,852 feet

## Other miles

Different miles have been used throughout history in various parts of the world. In Norway and Sweden, for example, a mil is a unit of length which is equal to 10 kilometres.

## Idioms

Even in English-speaking countries that use the metric system (for example, Australia, Canada, and New Zealand), the mile is still used in many idioms. These include:

• A country mile is used colloquially to mean a very long distance.
• "A miss is as good as a mile" (failure by a narrow margin is no better than any other failure)
• "Give him an inch and he'll take a mile" – a corruption of "Give him an inch and he'll take an ell"[2][3] (the person in question will become greedy if shown generosity)
• "Missed by a mile" (missed by a wide margin)
• "Go a mile a minute" (move very fast)
• "Talk a mile a minute" (speak very fast)
• "To go the extra mile" (to put in extra effort)
• "Miles away" (lost in thought, or daydreaming)
• "Milestone" (an event showing a lot of progress)

## References

1. "PACE in American English NOUN Item #2". Collin’s dictionary. Retrieved 12 January 2024.
2. Concise Oxford English Dictionary (5th edition; 1964). Oxford University Press.
3. John Heywood (1562). The proverbs, epigrams, and miscellanies of John Heywood ... Print. for subscribers, by the Early English Drama Society. pp. 95–. Retrieved 1 December 2011.