> wiki  


KidzSearch Safe Wikipedia for Kids.
Jump to: navigation, search
Special Capital Region of Jakarta
Daerah Khusus Ibu Kota Jakarta
Flag of Jakarta
Coat of arms of Jakarta
Coat of arms
Lua error in package.lua at line 80: module 'Module:Transcluder' not found.
Location of Jakarta in Indonesia
Coordinates: 6°12′S 106°49′E / 6.200°S 106.817°E / -6.200; 106.817Coordinates: 6°12′S 106°49′E / 6.200°S 106.817°E / -6.200; 106.817
Country Indonesia
Established397 AD[4]:116
As Jayakarta22 June 1527[4]:154
As Batavia4 March 1621[5]
As Jakarta8 August 1942[5]
As DKI28 August 1961[6]
 • TypeSpecial administrative area
 • GovernorAnies Baswedan
 • Deputy GovernorVacant
 • LegislativeJakarta Regional People's Representative Council
 • Special Capital Region661.5 km2 (255.4 sq mi)
 • Metro
6,392 km2 (2,468 sq mi)
Area rank34th
8 m (26 ft)
 • Special Capital Region10,075,310
 • Rank6th
 • Density14,464/km2 (37,460/sq mi)
 • Metro
 • Metro density4,383/km2 (11,350/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+7 (Indonesia Western Time)
Postal Code
Vehicle registrationB
HDIIncrease 0.801(Very High)
HDI rank1st (2017)
GDP PPP (2016)Increase$483.4 billion[8]
PolicePolda Metro Jaya

Jakarta (also Djakarta or DKI Jakarta) is the largest and the capital city of Indonesia. It is on the northwest coast of the island of Java, it has an area of 661.52 km² and a population of 10,187,595 as of November 2011.[9] Jakarta has been established for more than 490 years and now is the ninth most dense city in the world with 15,400 people per km².

Jakarta's first name was Sunda Kelapa. Before the Dutch came, it was renamed the city Jayakarta, starting in 1527. In 1619 the Dutch renamed the city Batavia. It was called Jakarta by the Japanese during World War 2.

Jakarta has a tropical monsoon climate (Am in the Köppen climate classification).

Jakarta's challenges include rapid urban growth and flooding.[10] Additionally, Jakarta is sinking up to 17 cm (6.7 inches) per year. It is also one of the fastest-sinking capitals in the world.[11] In 2019, President Joko Widodo announced a move of the capital to East Kalimantan, an Indonesian province on the island of Borneo.[12]


  1. Suryodiningrat, Meidyatama (22 June 2007). "Jakarta: A city we learn to love but never to like". The Jakarta Post. Archived from the original on 21 February 2008. 
  2. "Travel Indonesia Guide – How to appreciate the 'Big Durian' Jakarta". 8 April 2008. Retrieved 27 April 2010. 
  3. Sungkar, Aulia R. (April 2012). "A Day on the J-Town". Jetstar Magazine. Archived from the original on 1 August 2013. Retrieved 2 January 2013. 
  4. 4.0 4.1 Iguchi, Masatoshi (2017). [Jakarta at Google Books Java Essay: The History and Culture of a Southern Country]. Troubador Publishing Ltd.. ISBN 978-1-78462-885-7 . Jakarta at Google Books. 
  5. 5.0 5.1 Matanasi, Petrik (30 December 2016). "Pada Tanggal Inilah Batavia Menjadi Jakarta" (in id). Retrieved 15 October 2017. 
  6. "PEMERINTAHAN DAERAH KHUSUS IBUKOTA JAKARTA RAYA" (in id). Retrieved 2 January 2019. 
  7. "Data Jumlah Penduduk DKI Jakarta". Pemerintah Provinsi DKI Jakarta, Dinas Kependudukan dan Catatan Sipil. 2014. Retrieved 5 December 2015. 
  8. "Statistik Indonesia 2016" (in Indonesian) (PDF). Jakarta: Badan Pusat Statistik. 2016. 
  9. "Jumlah Penduduk Provinsi DKI Jakarta". Dinas Kependudukan dan Catatan Sipil. Retrieved 2012-04-19. 
  10. "Jakarta – Urban Challenges Overview – Human Cities Coalition". 
  11. Cure to sinking Jakarta?. Retrieved 23 August 2019. 
  12. Jakarta sinks as Indonesian capital and Borneo takes on mantle. Retrieved 26 August 2019. 

Other websites