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Indonesian language

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Bahasa Indonesia
Native toIndonesia
East Timor (as a "working language")
Native speakers23 million  (2000)[1]
Over 140 million L2 speakers
Language family
Writing systemLatin (Indonesian alphabet)
Official status
Official language inIndonesia
Regulated byBadan Pengembangan dan Pembinaan Bahasa
Language codes
ISO 639-1id
ISO 639-2ind
ISO 639-3ind

Indonesian language (Indonesian/Malay: Bahasa Indonesia) is the official and national language of Indonesia. Indonesian is a standardized form of the Malay language, and it is spoken in Indonesia. However, Indonesian has considerable differences between the standard Malay spoken in Malaysia and the Malays living in Thailand and Singapore.

It is spoken as a second language or first by most natives living in the country, because they use a regional one (such as Javanese). However, Indonesia's education, media and communication all use Bahasa Indonesia.

The language's official name is Bahasa Indonesia (language of Indonesia), which is also used in English. It is also referred to as "Indonesian".


  1. Indonesian at Ethnologue (16th ed., 2009)