First language

(Redirected from Mother tongue)
The monument for the Mother (Azerbaijani) language in Nakhchivan, Azerbaijan

A first language (also mother language, mother tongue, native language, arterial language, or L1) often means the language that a person learns first.[1] It helps one understand words and concepts in the style of that language.[2]

Sometimes, but not often, first language means the language that a person speaks best (the second language is then spoken less well than the first language, etc.). In that sense, a person could have more than one first or second language.

The first languages of national majority usually are to be recognized as national language of the nation.

First Language Media


  1. Bloomfield, Leonard (1994). Language. Motilal Banarsidass Publ. ISBN 978-81-208-1196-6.
  2. Davies, Alan (2003). The Native Speaker: Myth and Reality. Multilingual Matters. ISBN 978-1-85359-622-3.

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