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Nakhchivan Autonomous Republic

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Nakhchivan Autonomous Republic
Naxçıvan Muxtar Respublikası
Location of Nakhchivan in the South Caucasus.
Location of Nakhchivan in the South Caucasus.
and largest city
Official languages Azerbaijani
Government Autonomous republic
 -  Parliamentary Chairman Vasif Talibov
Legislature Supreme Assembly
 -  Establishment of the Nakhchivan ASSR
February 9, 1924 
 -  Nakhchivan
Autonomous Republic

November 17, 1990 
 -  Total 5,500 km2
2,071 sq mi 
 -  Water (%) negligible
 -  2011 estimate 414,900[1]
 -  Density 77/km2
199.4/sq mi
HDI (2010)Steady 0.793[2]
Currency Azerbaijani manat (AZN)
Time zone EET (UTC+4)
 -  Summer (DST) EEST (UTC+5)

The Nakhchivan Autonomous Republic is a landlocked exclave of Azerbaijan. The region covers 5,500[1] km². It borders Armenia to the east and north, Iran to the south and west, and Turkey to the northwest.

Nakhchivan has a long history dating back to the Neolithic period. Armenia had the area for a thousand years. Nakhchivan became part of the Safavid dynasty of Persia in the sixteenth century. After the last Russo-Persian War, the Nakhchivan khanate became part of the Russian Empire in 1828. The region has had much bloodshed between Armenians and Azerbaijanis. They both claim the region.

In June 1918, the region came under the Ottomans. Under the Armistice of Mudros, the Ottomans agreed to leave. The British then had control.

In July 1920, Soviets took over the region. This began seventy years of Soviet Rule. In January 1990 Nakhchivan became independent from the USSR. A year later they joined the newly independent Republic of Azerbaijan.

The capital is the city of Nakhchivan.


Subdivisions of Nakhchivan.

Nakhchivan has eight divisions. Seven of these are raions. The capital city is separate.

Map ref. Administrative division Capital Type Area (km²) Population (1 August 2011 estimate)[3] Notes
1 Babek (Babək) Babek Rayon 749,81[3] 66,2[3] Formerly known as Nakhchivan; renamed after Babak Khorramdin in 1991
2 Julfa (Culfa) Julfa Rayon 1012,75[3] 43,000[3] Also spelled Jugha or Dzhulfa.
3 Kangarli (Kəngərli) Givraq Rayon 711,86[3] 28,900[3] Split from Babek in March 2004
4 Nakhchivan City (Naxçıvan Şəhər) Municipality 191,82[3] 85,700[3] Split from Nakhchivan (Babek) in 1991
5 Ordubad Ordubad Rayon 994,88[3] 46,500[3] Split from Julfa during Sovietization[4]
6 Sadarak (Sədərək) Heydarabad Rayon 153,49[3] 14,500[3] Split from Sharur in 1990; de jure includes the Karki exclave in Armenia, which is de facto under Armenian control
7 Shakhbuz (Şahbuz) Shahbuz Rayon 838,04[3] 23,400[3] Split from Nakhchivan (Babek) during Sovietization[4] Territory roughly corresponds to the Čahuk (Չահւք) district of the historic Syunik region within the Kingdom of Armenia[5]
8 Sharur (Şərur) Sharur Rayon 847,35[3] 106,600[3] Formerly known as Bash-Norashen during its incorporation into the Soviet Union and Ilyich (after Vladimir Ilyich Lenin) from the post-Sovietization period to 1990[4]
Total 5,500[3] 414,900[3]

Famous people from Nakhchivan

Political leaders

Religious leaders

Military leaders

Writers and poets



  1. 1.0 1.1 Official portal of Nakhchivan Autonomous Republic :Nakhchivan Autonomous Republic
  2. Naxçıvan Muxtar Respublikası Nazirlər Kabinetinin 2012 Fevral Raportu
  3. 3.00 3.01 3.02 3.03 3.04 3.05 3.06 3.07 3.08 3.09 3.10 3.11 3.12 3.13 3.14 3.15 3.16 3.17 3.18 Official portal of Nakhchivan Autonomous Republic :Cities and regions
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 Hewsen, Robert H (2001). Armenia: A Historical Atlas. Chicago: University of Chicago Press. p. 266. ISBN 978-0-226-33228-4 .
  5. Hewsen. Armenia: A Historical Atlas, p. 123.