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Nakhchivan Autonomous Republic
Nakhchivan Autonomous Republic
Naxçıvan Muxtar Respublikası
Location of Nakhchivan in the South Caucasus.
and largest city
• Parliamentary Chairman
• Establishment of the Nakhchivan ASSR
February 9, 1924
November 17, 1990
|5,500 km2 (2,100 sq mi)|
• Water (%)
• 2011 estimate
|77/km2 (199.4/sq mi)|
|HDI (2010)|| 0.793|
|Currency||Azerbaijani manat (AZN)|
|Time zone||UTC+4 (EET)|
• Summer (DST)
The Nakhchivan Autonomous Republic is a landlocked exclave of Azerbaijan. The region covers 5,500 km². It borders Armenia to the east and north, Iran to the south and west, and Turkey to the northwest.
Nakhchivan has a long history dating back to the Neolithic period. Armenia had the area for a thousand years. Nakhchivan became part of the Safavid dynasty of Persia in the sixteenth century. After the last Russo-Persian War, the Nakhchivan khanate became part of the Russian Empire in 1828. The region has had much bloodshed between Armenians and Azerbaijanis. They both claim the region.
In July 1920, Soviets took over the region. This began seventy years of Soviet Rule. In January 1990 Nakhchivan became independent from the USSR. A year later they joined the newly independent Republic of Azerbaijan.
The capital is the city of Nakhchivan.
Nakhchivan has eight divisions. Seven of these are raions. The capital city is separate.
|Map ref.||Administrative division||Capital||Type||Area (km²)||Population (1 August 2011 estimate)||Notes|
|1||Babek (Babək)||Babek||Rayon||749,81||66,2||Formerly known as Nakhchivan; renamed after Babak Khorramdin in 1991|
|2||Julfa (Culfa)||Julfa||Rayon||1012,75||43,000||Also spelled Jugha or Dzhulfa.|
|3||Kangarli (Kəngərli)||Givraq||Rayon||711,86||28,900||Split from Babek in March 2004|
|4||Nakhchivan City (Naxçıvan Şəhər)||Municipality||191,82||85,700||Split from Nakhchivan (Babek) in 1991|
|5||Ordubad||Ordubad||Rayon||994,88||46,500||Split from Julfa during Sovietization|
|6||Sadarak (Sədərək)||Heydarabad||Rayon||153,49||14,500||Split from Sharur in 1990; de jure includes the Karki exclave in Armenia, which is de facto under Armenian control|
|7||Shakhbuz (Şahbuz)||Shahbuz||Rayon||838,04||23,400||Split from Nakhchivan (Babek) during Sovietization Territory roughly corresponds to the Čahuk (Չահւք) district of the historic Syunik region within the Kingdom of Armenia|
|8||Sharur (Şərur)||Sharur||Rayon||847,35||106,600||Formerly known as Bash-Norashen during its incorporation into the Soviet Union and Ilyich (after Vladimir Ilyich Lenin) from the post-Sovietization period to 1990|
Famous people from Nakhchivan
- Heydar Aliyev, former President of Azerbaijan (1993–2003) and father of the current President of Azerbaijan, Ilham Aliyev (2003–present).
- Abulfaz Elchibey, former President of Azerbaijan (1992–1993)
- Rasul Guliyev, former speaker of the National Assembly of Azerbaijan (1993–1996) and opposition leader
- Christapor Mikaelian, founding member of the Armenian Revolutionary Federation
- Stepan Sapah-Gulian, leader of the Armenian Social Democrat Hunchakian Party (19th-20th century)
- Jafar Kuli Khan Nakhchivanski, the founder of the short-lived Republic of Aras
- Ibrahim Abilov, first and only ambassador of Azerbaijan SSR to Turkey
- Garegin Nzhdeh, famous Armenian revolutionary, military leader and political thinker
- Alexander Jughaetsi (Alexander I of Jugha), Catholicos of All Armenians (1706–1714)
- Hakob Jughaetsi (Jacob IV of Jugha), Armenian Catholicos (1655–1680)
- Azaria I Jughaetsi, Armenian Catholicos of the Holy See of Cilicia (1584–1601)
- Abdurahman Fatalibeyli, Soviet army major who defected to the German forces during World War II
- Ehsan Khan Nakhchivanski, Russian military general
- Huseyn Khan Nakhchivanski, Russian cavalry general and the only Muslim to serve as General-Adjutant of the Russian Tsar
- Ismail Khan Nakhchivanski, Russian military general
- Kelbali Khan Nakhchivanski, Russian military general
- Jamshid Khan Nakhchivanski, Soviet and Azerbaijani military general
Writers and poets
- M.S. Gulubekov, writer
- Huseyn Javid, poet
- Jalil Mammadguluzadeh, writer and satirist
- Ekmouladdin Nakhchivani, medieval literary figure
- Hindushah Nakhchivani, medieval literary figure
- Abdurrakhman en-Neshevi, medieval literary figure
- Mammed Said Ordubadi, writer
- Heyran Khanum, late medieval poet
- Elşen Hudiyev, contemporary poet and writer
- Mammad Araz, poet
- Vladimir Makogonov, chess International Master and Grandmaster
- Ajami Nakhchivani, architect and founder of the Nakhchivan school of architecture
- Gaik Ovakimian, Soviet Armenian spy
- Ibrahim Safi, Turkish artist
- Rza Tahmasib, Azerbaijani film director
- Official portal of Nakhchivan Autonomous Republic :Nakhchivan Autonomous Republic
- Naxçıvan Muxtar Respublikası Nazirlər Kabinetinin 2012 Fevral Raportu
- Official portal of Nakhchivan Autonomous Republic :Cities and regions
- Hewsen, Robert H (2001). Armenia: A Historical Atlas. Chicago: University of Chicago Press. p. 266. .
- Hewsen. Armenia: A Historical Atlas, p. 123.