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Afroasiatic languages



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Afroasiatic
Geographic
distribution:
Malta, Horn of Africa, North Africa, Sahel, West Asia
Linguistic classification:One of the world's primary language families
Proto-language:Proto-Afroasiatic
Subdivisions:
ISO 639-2 and 639-5:afa
Detailed Afroasiatic map.svg
Distribution of the Afro-Asiatic languages

Afroasiatic (Afro-Asiatic), also called Afrasian or Hamito-Semitic[1] or Semito-Hamitic,[2], is a large language family. They are mainly spoken in Western Asia, North Africa, the Horn of Africa and parts of the Sahel.[3] There are around 300 Afroasiatic languages that are still spoken. About 495 million people speak an Afroasiatic language as their first language.[4] There are six branches of the language family: Berber, Chadic, Cushitic, Egyptian, Omotic and Semitic. The most spoken language is Arabic, a Semitic language. It has around 313 million native speakers.[5]

References

  1. Katzner, Kenneth (2002). The Languages of the World. Routledge. p. 27. ISBN 978-1134532889 . https://www.google.com/books?id=Lm8LFegafGIC&pg=PA27. Retrieved 20 December 2017. 
  2. Robert Hetzron, "Afroasiatic Languages" in Bernard Comrie, The World's Major Languages, 2009,

    Template-specific style sheet:

    ISBN 113426156X, p. 545
  3. "Browse by Language Family". http://www.ethnologue.com/show_family.asp?subid=52-16. Retrieved 14 April 2018. 
  4. "Summary by language family". Ethnologue. http://www.ethnologue.com/statistics/family. Retrieved 14 April 2018. 
  5. "Arabic". Ethnologue. https://www.ethnologue.com/language/ara. Retrieved 14 April 2018.