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Ahmad Shah Massoud

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Ahmad Shah Massoud
Nickname"Lion of Panjshir" (Persian: شیر پنجشیر)
BornSeptember 2, 1953(1953-09-02)
Bazarak, Panjshir, Afghanistan
DiedSeptember 9, 2001(2001-09-09) (aged 48)
Takhar Province, Afghanistan
Service/branchFlag of Jamiat-e Islami.svg Jamiat-e Islami / Shura-e Nazar (part of Flag of Jihad.svg Mujahideen)
Flag of Afghanistan (WFB 1996).png Afghan military
Flag of Afghanistan (WFB 1996).png United Islamic Front
Years of service1978–2001
Commands heldProminent Mujahideen commander during the Soviet war in Afghanistan
Defense Minister of Afghanistan and commander of the anti-Taliban United Islamic Front
AwardsNational Hero of Afghanistan

Ahmad Shah Massoud was an Afghan military commander during Afghan-Soviet war and later on in the civil war afterwards. He was an ethnic Tajik and a Sunni muslim. During the civil war, he defended the capital from the Taliban, Gulbuddin Hekmatyar, and Abdul Rashid Dostum.

After the Taliban came to power in 1996, Massoud returned to armed opposition. Mssoud rejected the Talibans radical interpretation of Islam. He became the leader of the Northern Alliance which allied with NATO during the war against the Taliban. He was assassinated on September 9, 2001, two days before the September 9/11 attacks in the US.