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Al-Farabi (Arabic: ابو نصر محمد الفارابي / Abū Naṣr Muḥammad al-Fārābī;) known in the West as Alpharabius (c. 872 in Fārāb – between 14 December, 950 and 12 January, 951 in Damascus), was a scientist and philosopher of the Islamic world. He was also a cosmologist, logician, and musician.
- Dimitri Gutas, "Farabi" in Encyclopædia Iranica, Online Edition. accessed April 4, 2010. 
- Alternative names and translations from Arabic include: Alfarabi, Farabi, and Abunaser
- Corbin, Henry; Hossein Nasr and Utman Yahya (2001). History of Islamic Philosophy. Kegan Paul. .
- Dhanani, Alnoor (2007). "Fārābī: Abū Naṣr Muḥammad ibn Muḥammad ibn Tarkhān al‐Fārābī". The Biographical Encyclopedia of Astronomers. Ed. Thomas Hockey et al.. New York: Springer. 356–7. (PDF version)