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Alexander Grothendieck

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Alexander Grothendieck

Alexander Grothendieck in Montreal, 1970
Born 28 March 1928(1928-03-28)
Berlin, Prussia, Germany
Died 13 November 2014(2014-11-13) (aged 86)
Saint-Lizier, Ariège, France
Residence French Pyrenees
Nationality None (until the 1980s)
French (since the 1980s)[1][2][3]
Fields Mathematics
Institutions Institut des Hautes Études Scientifiques
Alma mater University of Montpellier
University of Nancy
Doctoral advisor Laurent Schwartz and Jean Dieudonné
Doctoral students Pierre Berthelot
Carlos Contou-Carrere
Pierre Deligne
Michel Demazure
Pierre Gabriel
Jean Giraud
Luc Illusie
Michel Raynaud
Jean-Louis Verdier
Notable awards Fields Medal (1966)
Crafoord Prize (1988), declined

Alexander Grothendieck (Berlin, 28 March 1928 – 13 November 2014, Saint-Girons, Ariège) was a leading figure in the modern field of algebraic geometry.[4][5][6][7]

In 1970 Grothendieck left the Institut des Hautes Études Scientifiques, where he had been appointed research professor (1958–1970) and where he did his greatest work. He turned to radical pacifism and opposed all forms of warfare and aggression. This is why he declined the Crafoord Prize in 1988.[8][9]

In 1966 he was awarded the Fields Medal.[10]


  1. Cartier 2009, p. 10, footnote 12.
  2. Kleinert 2007.
  3. Douroux 2012.
  4. JOC/EFR (June 1997). "Alexander Grothendieck". University of St Andrews, Scotland. Retrieved 24 September 2014.
  5. Piotr Pragacz, Topics in Cohomological Studies of Algebraic Varieties: Impanga Lecture Notes (Basel; Boston: Birkhäuser, 2005), p. xvii
  6. "Alexandre Grothendieck, ou la mort d'un génie qui voulait se faire oublier" (in French). Libération Sciences. 13 November 2014. Retrieved 14 November 2014.
  7. Alexander Grothendieck - obituary
  8. Crafoord Prize letter at the Internet Archive
  9. Robert Matthews and Nadejda Lobastova (20 August 2006). "Mathematics, where nothing is ever as simple as it seems". Daily Telegraph. Retrieved 5 July 2009.
  10. Sooyoung Chang, Academic Genealogy of Mathematicians (Hackensack, NJ; Singapore: World Scientific, 2011), p. 115