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Location of Antananarivo in Madagascar
Location of Antananarivo in Madagascar
Country Madagascar
Founded 1625
 • Mayor disputed
 • Water 88 km2 (34 sq mi)
1,276 m (4,186 ft)
 (2001 estimate)
 • City 903,450
 • Density 10,266.5/km2 (26,590/sq mi)
 • Urban

Antananarivo is the capital city of Madagascar. It is the largest city in the country.


The city is the administrative, communications and economic center of Madagascar.


Antananarivo has a population of over 1.4 million people. Including an Anglican cathedral and a Roman Catholic cathedral, there are about fifty churches in the city and its suburbs. There is also a Muslim mosque. Antananarivo is home of the University of Madagascar and the Collège Rural d'Ambatobe.


Antananarivo was founded in about 1625 by King Andrianjaka. The name, Antananarivo, means the City of the Thousand. It comes from the number of soldiers Andrianjaka used to guard the city.

Until 1869 all buildings in the city were of wood or rushes. Since the introduction of stone and brick, the whole city has been rebuilt. It now has many notable structures. For example, the royal palaces, the Anglican and Roman Catholic cathedrals, several stone and brick churches, colleges, schools, hospitals, courts of justice and other government buildings.

The city was captured by the French in 1895. Since then, good roads have been built in the city.

Other websites

Antananarivo Renivohitra Official website.