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Artillery of Japan
In the 1840s, the Tokugawa Shogunate began to anticipate that either British or French military might attack Japan. Takashima Shuhan (1798-1866) submitted a petition to the shogun calling for the purchase of Western firearms. In 1841, a demonstration of Western gunnery made a strong impression. Powerful conservative factions in the shogunate resisted change.
Following the Meiji Restoration, Japan would pursue a policy of "Rich country, strong army" (富国強兵), which led to a general rearmament.
Imperial Japanese Army
Naval guns and field artillery were important in the Russo-Japanese War of 1905.
Before and during World War II, the Japanese Army deployed a variety of artillery pieces.
The Imperial Japanese Navy (IJN) developed large naval artillery pieces.
Japan Self Defense Force (JSDF)
The self-propelled artillery of the current Japanese military include
- Type 75 155 mm self-propelled howitzer
- M110 howitzer
- M270 MLRS
- Type 99 155 mm self-propelled howitzer
- Perrin, Noel. (1979). Giving up the Gun, Japan's Reversion to the Sword, 1543-1879, p. 93.
- National Diet Library, "Acceptance of Western Military Science at the End of Edo Period, Land Wrfare Tactics"; retrieved 2012-2-22.
- Akamatsu, Paul. (2001). Meiji 1868: Revolution and Counter-revolution in Japan, PP. 50-51.
- Perrin, p. 76.
- Evans, David C and Mark Peattie. (1997). Kaigun: strategy, tactics, and technology in the Imperial Japanese Navy, 1887–1941 Naval Institute Press, Annapolis, Maryland ISBN 0-87021-192-7