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Baekdu Mountain

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Baekdu/Changbai Mountain
Baekdu/Changbai Mountain volcano, April 2003
Elevation 2,744 metres (9,003 ft)
Location Ryanggang, (North Korea)
Jilin, (China)
Coordinates 42°00′20″N 128°03′19″E / 42.00556°N 128.05528°E / 42.00556; 128.05528Coordinates: 42°00′20″N 128°03′19″E / 42.00556°N 128.05528°E / 42.00556; 128.05528
Type Stratovolcano
Last eruption 1903[1]

Baekdu Mountain or Changbai Mountain is a volcano on the border between North Korea and China.[2] This mountain is 54.5% in North Korean territory, 45.5% in China. The Korean name is Baekdu-san. It is means White head mountain. The China name is Changbai-shan. It is means Snow piles up on the large mountain.

Baekdu has large crater lake, It is called Heaven Lake. Koreans call it "Cheon-ji" lake, Chinese called "tiandi" lake. It is 2,744 metres above sea level. The Beijing Olympic torch was lit on Baekdu/Changbai Mountain. Heaven Lake is the caldera made by a gigantic eruption in 969 AD (± 20 years).[3]


  1. Smithsonian Institution Global Volcanism Program: Baitoushan
  2. Baekdu Mountain (白頭山)/Changbai Mountain(长白山)
  3. Horn, Susanne; Schmincke, Hans-Ulrich (2000). "Volatile emission during the eruption of Baitoushan Volcano (China/North Korea) ca. 969 AD". Bulletin of Volcanology 61 (8): 537–555. doi:10.1007/s004450050004 .