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British Academy Film Awards
|65th British Academy Film Awards|
|Awarded for||The best in movies|
The British Academy Film Awards are an annual award show hosted by the British Academy of Film and Television Arts (BAFTA). It is the British equivalent of the Oscars. As of 2008, it happens in the Royal Opera House, in London. Before, it was at the Odeon cinema in Leicester Square. The 65th British Academy Film Awards took place on 12 February 2012.
BAFTA was formed in 1947 as The British Film Academy, by David Lean, Alexander Korda, Carol Reed, Charles Laughton, Roger Manvell and others. In 1958, the Academy merged with The Guild of Television Producers and Directors to form The Society of Film and Television. This became The British Academy of Film and Television Arts in 1976.
BAFTA is supported by a membership of around 6,000 people from the movie, television and video game industries.
The Academy's awards are look like a theatrical mask. They were designed by American sculptor Mitzi Cunliffe in 1955.
The ceremony used to take place in April or May. Starting in 2002 it takes place in February in order to be before the Oscars. The awards are mostly open to all nationalities. There is an award for "Outstanding British Film" and "Outstanding Debut by a British Writer, Producer or Director". The Short Film and Short Animation awards are also only for UK movies.
The Awards ceremony is broadcast on British television, usually the day after it has taken place. It is mostly broadcast on BBC One.
British Academy Awards of Merit
- BAFTA Award for Best Film (since 1948)
- BAFTA Award for Best British Film (since 1948)
- BAFTA Award for Best Foreign Film (since 1948)
- BAFTA Award for Best Short Film (since 1980)
- BAFTA Award for Best Animated Film (since 2006)
- BAFTA Award for Best Documentary (1948-1989, 2012)
- BAFTA Award for Best Screenplay (awarded 1969-1983)
- BAFTA Award for Best British Screenplay (awarded 1955-1968)