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Bunna (文和), also romanized as Bunwa, was a Japanese era name (年号, nengō, lit. year name) of the Northern Court during the Nanboku-chō period after Kannō and before Enbun. This period started in September 1352 and ended in March 1356. The pretender in Kyoto was Go-Kōgon-tennō (後光厳天皇). Go-Kōgon's Southern Court rival in Yoshino during this time-frame was Go-Murakami-tennō (後村上天皇).
Events of the Bunna era
- 1353 (Bunna 2): Kyoto occupied by southern forces under Yamana Tokiuji; and the capital was retaken by the Ashikaga.
- 1354 (Bunna 3): Takauji flees with Go-Kōgon; Kitabatake Chikafusa dies.
- 1355 (Bunna 4): Kyoto taken by southern army; Kyoto retaken again by the Ashikaga forces.
Southern Court nengō
- Shōhei, 1346–1370
- Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric. (2005). "Bunwa" in Japan Encyclopedia, p. 93.
- Nussbaum, "Embun" at p. 175; see also NengoCalc; retrieved 2012-5-29.
- Nussbaum, "Go-Kōgon Tennō," p. 255; Titsingh, Isaac. (1834). Annales des empereurs du japon, pp. 302-303.
- Nussbaum, "Go-Murakami Tennō," p. 257.
- Ackroyd, Joyce. (1982) Lessons from History: The Tokushi Yoron, p.329.
- National Diet Library, "The Japanese Calendar" -- historical overview plus illustrative images from library's collection
|Northern Court nengō: