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Charles III of Spain

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Charles III
King of Spain
Reign 10 August 1759 – 14 December 1788
Predecessor Ferdinand VI
Successor Charles IV
King of Naples and Sicily
Reign 1 December 1734 – 10 August 1759
Predecessor Charles VI & IV
Successor Ferdinand IV & III
Duke of Parma and Piacenza
Reign 22 July 1731 – 1 December 1734
Predecessor Antonio Farnese
Successor Charles VI, Holy Roman Emperor
Spouse Maria Amalia of Saxony
Infanta Maria Josefa
Maria Luisa, Holy Roman Empress
Infante Philip, Duke of Calabria
Charles IV, King of Spain
Ferdinando, King of the Two Sicilies
Infante Gabriel
Infante Antonio Pascual
Full name
Carlos de Borbón y Farnesio
House House of Bourbon
Father Philip V of Spain
Mother Elisabeth Farnese
Born 20 January 1716
Royal Alcazar of Madrid, Spain
Died 14 December 1788(1788-12-14) (aged 72)
Royal Palace of Madrid, Spain
Burial El Escorial
Religion Roman Catholicism

Charles III of Spain (1716-1788) was a king of Spain and the oldest son of Philip V and Elisabeth Farnese. He ruled Spain from 1759 until his death in 1788. After he died, his son, Charles IV of Spain, became king. He was also the king of Naples and Sicily from 1734 until 1759. In those places he was known as Charles VII of Naples and Charles V of Sicily. He was the builder of the Palace of Caserta as well as the Royal Palace of Madrid.

Charles III grew up in Madrid. When he was 16 years old, he went to live in Parma, a city in Italy. He ruled that city, and the nearby city of Piacenza as their Duke from 1731 until 1734. In 1738 he married the Princess Maria Amalia of Saxony. They had 13 children. Only 8 of them lived to be adults.