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|Admin. region||Upper Bavaria|
|Lord Mayor||Florian Hartmann (SPD)|
|Area||34.85 km2 (13.46 sq mi)|
|Elevation||482 m (1581 ft)|
|Population||40,570 (31 March 2007)|
|- Density||1,164 /km2 (3,015 /sq mi)|
|Time zone||CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)|
|Location of the town of Dachau within Dachau district|
Dachau was founded in the 8th century. In 1933, a concentration camp was built in Dachau. It was the first camp of the Nazis and became the prototype for all other camps. More than 30,000 prisoners died, or were killed.