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Dari (Eastern Persian)

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Native to Afghanistan
RegionCentral Asia, West Asia
Native speakersSpoken by more than 27%, and understood by over 50% of Afghanistan population.[1] Also spoken and understood by around 2.5 million people in Pakistan and Iran with communities who speak Dari as their primary language.[2]  (1992–2000)
to 8–9 million[3]
Language family
DialectsKaboli, Mazari, Herati, Badakhshi, Panjshiri, Laghmani, Sistani, Aimaqi, Hazaragi[4]
Writing systemPersian alphabet
Official status
Official language in Afghanistan
Regulated byAcademy of Sciences of Afghanistan
Language codes
ISO 639-3Variously:
prs – Dari, Afghan Persian
aiq – Aimaq
haz – Hazaragi
Linguasphere58-AAC-ce (Dari) + 58-AAC-cdo & cdp (Hazaragi) + 58-AAC-ck (Aimaq)

Dari (Fārsī-ye Darī) is a dialect of the Persian language. It is the Persian language as spoken in Afghanistan. It is the second official language of Afghanistan,[5] and is widely used by the government and most media agencies. It is mainly spoken by the Tajiks and other minority groups. A small minority also exists in parts of Pakistan closest to these named regions.[6] It is sometimes called Farsi. People in Afghanistan and Iran who speak Persian can understand each other. The name Dari was given to the Persian language at a very early date.[7]

Historically, Dari was the court language of the Sassanids.[8]

Related pages


  1. Wahab, Shaista (2006). Beginner's Dari. Hippocrene Books. p. 1. ISBN 978-0-7818-1139-2 . 
  2. "Dari language, alphabet and pronunciation". Retrieved 2012-08-26. 
  3. Tajiks 5-6m; Hazaras 3-3.5 m; Aymāqs 3.5-4 m
  4. Iranica, "Afghanistan: v.Languages", Table 11
  5. "Article Sixteen of the Constitution of Afghanistan". 2004. Retrieved June 13, 2012. "From among the languages of Pashto, Dari, Uzbeki, Turkmani, Baluchi, Pashai, Nuristani, Pamiri (alsana), Arab and other languages spoken in the country, Pashto and Dari are the official languages of the state." 
  6. Ch. M. Kieffer, "AFGHANISTAN v. Languages", in Encyclopædia Iranica, Online Edition 2010, ([1]).
  7. G. Lazard, "DARĪ", in Encyclopædia Iranica, Online Edition 2010, ([2]).
  8. Frye, R.N., "Darī", The Encylcopaedia of Islam, Brill Publications, CD version