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In philosophy, dialectic is an argument or debate between different people. In Medieval Europe, dialectics (or logic) was one of the three beginning liberal arts all together known as the trivium; the other members being rhetorics and grammar.
Dialectics has three main ideas:
- 1: Everything is made out of opposing forces/opposing sides.
- 2: Gradual changes lead to turning points, where one force overcomes the other.
- 3: Change moves in spirals not circles.
- Abelson P. 1965. The seven liberal arts; a study in mediæval culture. New York: Russell & Russell. p82
- Hyman A. & Walsh J.J. 1983. Philosophy in the Middle Ages: the Christian, Islamic, and Jewish traditions. Indianapolis: Hackett. p164
- Adler, Mortimer Jerome 2000. Dialectic. Routledge. p4 ISBN 0-415-22550-7
- Herbermann C.G. 1913. The Catholic encyclopedia: an international work of reference on the constitution, doctrine, and history of the Catholic church. New York: The Encyclopedia Press. pp760–764
- Pinto R.C. 2001. Argument, inference and dialectic: collected papers on informal logic. Argumentation library, vol 4. Dordrecht: Kluwer Academic. pp138–139
- Eemeren F.H. von 2003. Anyone who has a view: theoretical contributions to the study of argumentation. Argumentation library, vol 8. Dordrecht: Kluwer Academic. p92