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Edwin M. Stanton
Edwin McMasters Stanton
|25th United States Attorney General|
December 20, 1860 – March 4, 1861
|Preceded by||Jeremiah S. Black|
|Succeeded by||Edward Bates|
|27th United States Secretary of War|
January 20, 1862 – May 28, 1868
|President||Abraham Lincoln (1862–1865)|
Andrew Johnson (1865–1868)
|Preceded by||Simon Cameron|
|Succeeded by||John M. Schofield|
|Born||December 19, 1814|
Steubenville, Ohio, U.S.
|Died||December 24, 1869 (aged 55)|
Washington, D.C., U.S.
|Spouse(s)||Mary Lamson Stanton|
Ellen Hutchison Stanton
|Alma mater||Kenyon College|
Edwin McMasters Stanton (December 19, 1814 – December 24, 1869) was an American lawyer and politician. He was the United States Secretary of War under Abraham Lincoln administration during most of the American Civil War. Stanton's effective management helped organize the massive military resources of the North and guide the Union to victory under the command by Ulysses S. Grant.
Stanton was born in Steubenville, Ohio, the eldest of four children to David and Lucy Norman Stanton. Throughout his childhood and adult life Stanton suffered from asthma. Stanton studied at Kenyon College. He was also from Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania.
He was married to Mary Lamson from 1836 until her death in 1844. They had two children; Lucy Lamson and Edwin Lamson. Then he was married to Ellen Hutchinson. His brother David committed suicide. Stanton died on December 24, 1869 in Washington, D.C. from respiratory failure, aged 55.
- "Edwin M. Stanton (1814–1869)". The Lincoln Institute.. http://www.mrlincolnswhitehouse.org/inside.asp?ID=96&subjectID=2. Retrieved December 18, 2010.
- Biography from "Impeach Andrew Johnson".
- Mr. Lincoln and Friends: Edwin M. Stanton Biography.
- Mr. Lincoln's White House: Edwin M. Stanton Biography.