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Eiwa (永和) was a Japanese era name (年号, nengō, lit. year name) of the Northern Court during the Nanboku-chō period after Ōan and before Kōryaku. This period started in February 1375 and ended in March 1379. The pretender in Kyoto was Emperor Go-En'yū (後円融天皇 Go-En'yū-tennō ) Go-En'yū's Southern Court rival in Yoshino during this time was Emperor Chōkei (長慶天皇 Chōkei-tennō ).
Events of the Eiwa era
- 1375 (Eiwa 1, 3rd month): Shogun Ashikaga Yoshimitsu visits the Iwashimizu Hachiman-gū where he offers a sword for the shrine's treasury, gold foil for the shrine's decoration, and a racehorse for the shrine's stable.
- 1375 (Eiwa 2, 4th month): For the first time, Shogun Yoshimitsu is permitted to enter the Imperial quarters at the Imperial palace.
- 1377 -- Goryeo diplomatic envoy Jeong Mongju met with the shogunal deputy (探題 tandai ) in Kyūshū, Imagawa Ryōshun. The diplomats discussed steps to control pirates (wakō).
- 1378 (Eiwa 4, 3rd month): Yoshimitsu moved into his new home in Muromachi; and the luxurious house and grounds are called Hana-no-Gosho
Southern Court nengō
- Tenju, 1375–1381
- Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric. (2005). "Eiwa" in Japan encyclopedia, p. 173.
- Nussbaum, "Kōryaku" in Japan encyclopedia, p. 562.
- Nussbaum, "Go-En'yū Tennō," p. 251; Titsingh, Isaac. (1834). Annales des empereurs du japon, pp. 310-313.
- Nussbaum, "Chōkei Tennō," p. 120.
- Titsingh, p. 312.
- Titsingh, p. 313; Kang, Jae-eun et al. (2006). The Land of Scholars : Two Thousand Years of Korean Confucianism, p. 159.
- Titsingh, p. 313.
- Ackroyd, Joyce. (1982) Lessons from History: The "Tokushi Yoron", p. 329.
- National Diet Library, "The Japanese Calendar" -- historical overview plus illustrative images from library's collection
|Northern Court nengō: