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An ellipsis is a type of punctuation mark. In writing, it is a row of three points (...). Its name comes from the ancient Greek word ἔλλειψις (omission/falling short). Notice that the three dots are not spaced as full points: they are a separate special typographic sign.
Depending on context and place in a sentence, ellipses can indicate an unfinished thought, a leading statement, a slight pause, a mysterious or echoing voice, or a nervous or awkward silence. An ellipsis can be used to trail off into silence—for example: But I thought he was...
- So much more could be said...
- "...one day all Americans will live peacefully throughout the world...they will be at peace with all other world inhabitants..."
When speaking, it can be referred to as "dot-dot-dot".
In mathematics, different symbols for ellipsis are used to a similar effect. These include the hortizontal ellipsis symbols [math]\ldots[/math] and [math]\cdots[/math], along with vertical ellipsis symbols such as [math]\vdots[/math] and [math]\ddots[/math] .
- "Compendium of Mathematical Symbols" (in en-US). 2020-03-01. https://mathvault.ca/hub/higher-math/math-symbols/.
- "Dots (LaTeX2e unofficial reference manual (July 2018))". http://joshua.smcvt.edu/latex2e/Dots.html.
- Bringhurst, Robert 2002. The elements of typographic style (version 2.5), pp 82–83. Vancouver: Hartley & Marks Publishers. ISBN 0-88179-133-4
- Morris, William 1980. The Houghton Mifflin Canadian dictionary of the English language, page 424. Markham, Ontario: Houghton Mifflin Canada. ISBN 0-395-29654-4