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Engen (延元) was a Japanese era name (年号 nengō , lit. year name) of the Southern Court during the Nanboku-chō period after Kemmu and before Kōkoku. This period started in February 1336 and ended in April 1340. The monarchs during this time were Emperor Go-Daigo (後醍醐天皇 Go-Daigo-tennō ) and Emperor Go-Murakami (後村上天皇 Go-Murakami-tennō ). The Northern Court pretender in Kyoto was Emperor Kōmyō (光明天皇 Kōmyō-tennō ).
Events of the Engen era
- 17 May 1336 (Engen 1, 6th day of the 4th month): Former-Emperor Go-Fushimi died.
- 19 September 1339 (Engen 4, 16th day of the 8th month): Emperor Go-Daigo died.
- 1340 (Engen 5): Sightings of a "broom star" (comet) are recorded.
Northern Court nengō
- Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric. (2005). "Engen" in Japan encyclopedia, p. 178.
- Nussbaum, "Go-Daigo Tennō," p. 251.
- Nussbaum, "Go-Murakami Tennō," p. 257.
- Nussbaum, "Go-Kōmyō Tennō," p. 256; Titsingh, Isaac. (1834). Annales des empereurs du japon, pp. 294-297.
- Titsingh, p. 295; Imperial Household Agency (Kunaichō), 後伏見天皇 (93); retrieved 2012-10-1.
- "Go-Daigo," Encyclopedia Britannica; retrieved 2012-10-2.
- Pankenier, David. (1999). Archaeoastronomy in East Asia: Historical Observational Records of Comets and Meteor Showers from China, Japan, and Korea, p. 164.
- National Diet Library, "The Japanese Calendar" -- historical overview plus illustrative images from library's collection
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