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F-flat major

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F major
Relative key Db minor
Parallel key Fb minor
E minor
Notes in this scale
F, G, A, Bdouble flat, C, D, E, F

F-flat major is a major scale based on F-flat. Its key signature has eight flats.[1]

Its relative minor is D-flat minor, and its parallel minor is F-flat minor, usually replaced by E minor.

Part of Richard Strauss' Metamorphosen uses F flat major, which one commentator has called "a bitter enharmonic parody" of the earlier manifestations of E major in the piece.[2]

To make reading and writing music easier, F-flat major is usually written as its enharmonic equivalent of E major.


  1. Nicolas Slonimsky (1960). The Road to Music. New York: Dodd, Mead, & Co.. pp. 16.
  2. Bryan Randolph Gilliam (1998). Richard Strauss: New Perspectives on the Composer and His Work. Duke University Press. pp. 237. ISBN 0822321149 .

Scales and keys