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Florence, Republic of Florence
|Died|| 15 April 1446 (aged 68–69)|
Florence, Republic of Florence
|Field||Architecture, sculpture, mechanical engineering|
|Works||Dome of Santa Maria del Fiore|
'Filippo Brunelleschi (// BROO-nə-LESK-ee, Italian: [fiˈlippo brunelˈleski], also known as Pippo; 1377 – 15 April 1446) was one of the most important architects of the Italian Renaissance. All of his most well-known works are in Florence, Italy.
Brunelleschi was born in Florence, Italy in 1377. His family consisted of his father, Brunellesco di Lippo, a notary and civil servant, his mother Giuliana Spini, and his two brothers. The family was well-off; the palace of the Spini family still exists, across from the Church of the Trinita in Florence.
The principal buildings and works designed by Brunelleschi or which included his involvement:
- Dome of the Florence Cathedral (1419–1436)
- Ospedale degli Innocenti (1419–ca.1445)
- The Basilica of San Lorenzo (1419–1480s)
- Meeting Hall of the Palazzo di Parte Guelfa (1420s–1445)
- Sagrestia Vecchia, or Old Sacristy of S. Lorenzo (1421–1440)
- Santa Maria degli Angeli: unfinished, (begun 1434)
- The lantern of Florence Cathedral (1436–ca.1450)
- The exedrae of Florence Cathedral (1439–1445)
- The church of Santo Spirito (1441–1481)
- Pazzi Chapel (1441–1460s)
- "Il miracolo della cupola di «Pippo» Brunelleschi" (in it). corriere.it. 11 June 2020. https://www.corriere.it/lodicoalcorriere/index/10-06-2020/index.shtml. Retrieved 26 November 2020.
- Bruschi, Arnaldo (2006). Filippo Brunelleschi. Milano: Electa. pp. 9.
- Manetti, Antonio (1970). The Life of Brunelleschi. Pennsylvania State University Press. pp. 36–38.
- Gärtner 1998, p. 11.
- Argan, Giulio Carlo; Robb, Nesca A (1946). "The Architecture of Brunelleschi and the Origins of Perspective Theory in the Fifteenth Century". Journal of the Warburg and Courtauld Institutes 9: 96–121.
- Fanelli, Giovanni (2004). Brunelleschi's Cupola: Past and Present of an Architectural Masterpiece. Florence: Mandragora.
- Heydenreich, Ludwig H. (1996). Architecture in Italy, 1400–1500. New Haven/London: Yale University Press.
- Hyman, Isabelle (1974). Brunelleschi in perspective. Prentice-Hall. https://archive.org/details/brunelleschiinpe0000hyma.
- Kemp, Martin (1978). "Science, Non-science and Nonsense: The Interpretation of Brunelleschi's Perspective". Art History 1 (2): 134–161.
- Prager, F. D. (1950). "Brunelleschi's Inventions and the 'Renewal of Roman Masonry Work'". Osiris 9: 457–554.
- Millon, Henry A.; Lampugnani, Vittorio Magnago, eds. (1994). The Renaissance from Brunelleschi to Michelangelo: the Representation of Architecture. London: Thames and Hudson.
- Trachtenberg, Marvin (1988). What Brunelleschi Saw: Monument and Site at the Palazzo Vecchio in Florence. New York.
- King, Ross (2000). Brunelleschi's Dome: How a Renaissance Genius Reinvented Architecture. New York: Walker.
- Devémy, Jean-François (2013). Sur les traces de Filippo Brunelleschi, l'invention de la coupole de Santa Maria del Fiore à Florence. Suresnes: Les Editions du Net.
- Saalman, Howard (1993). Filippo Brunelleschi: The Buildings. Penn State Press.