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Bos gaurus
Conservation status
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Class: Mammalia
Order: Artiodactyla
Family: Bovidae
Subfamily: Bovinae
Genus: Bos
Species: B. gaurus

The Gaur is a bovine species, similar to the bison. Bos gaurus (or Indian bison) is the largest living bovine. It is native to South Asia and Southeast Asia.

The species is listed as vulnerable on the IUCN Red List since 1986. Population trends are stable in well-protected areas, and are building up in a few areas which had been neglected.[1]

The gaur is the tallest species of wild cattle.[2] The Malayan gaur is called seladang, and the Burmese gaur is called pyoung.[3]

The domesticated form of the gaur Bos frontalis is called 'gayal' or 'mithun'.[4]


  1. 1.0 1.1 Duckworth J.W. et al (2008). "Bos gaurus". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2012.2. International Union for Conservation of Nature.
  2. Lydekker R. (1888–1890). The new natural history Volume 2. British Museum (Natural History), London.
  3. Hubback T.R. 1937. The Malayan gaur or seladang. Journal of Mammalogy 18 (3): 267–279.
  4. Nowak R.M. 1999. Gaur Pages 1158–1159 in Walker's Mammals of the World. Volume 1. The Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore, USA and London, UK.