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Genbun (元文) was a Japanese era name (年号, nengō, , lit. "year name"), also Gembun, after Kyōhō and before Kanpō. This period started in April 1736 and ended in February 1741. During this time, the emperor was Sakuramachi-tennō (桜町天皇).
Events of the Genbun era
- 1736 (Genbun 1): The shogunate published an edict declaring that henceforth, the sole, authorized coinage in the empire would be those copper coins which were marked on the obverse with the character 文 (pronounced bun in Japanese or pronounced wen in Chinese. This is to say, the same character which is found in this era name of Genbun).
- 1737 (Genbun 2, 11th month): A comet was seen in the western part of the sky.
- 1739 (Genbun 4): Iron coins were minted.
- 1739 (Genbun 4): Hosokawa Etchū-no-kami of Higo was killed in Edo castle by Itakura Katsukane. The murderer was ordered to kill himself.
- 8 August 1740 (Genbun 5, 16th day of the 7th month): Floodings in Heian-kyō (Kyoto). Sanjo Bridge (Sanjo-bashi) is washed away.
- Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric. (2005). "Gembun" Japan Encyclopedia, p. 235.
- Nussbaum, "Sakuramachi Tennō," p. 814; Titsingh, Isaac. (1834). Annales des empereurs du japon, pp. 417-418.
- Titsingh, Titsingh, Isaac. (1834). p. 418.
- Titsingh, p. 418; Meyer, Eva-Maria. (1999). Japans Kaiserhof in der Edo-Zeit, p. 186; Imperial Household Agency (Kunaichō), 中御門天皇 (114); retrieved 2012-5-27.
- Screech, Timon. (2006). Secret Memoirs of the Shoguns: Isaac Titsingh and Japan, 1779-1822, pp. 117-121.
- Ponsonby-Fane, Richard. (1956). Kyoto: the Old Capital of Japan, 794-1869, p. 321.
- National Diet Library, "The Japanese Calendar" -- historical overview plus illustrative images from library's collection
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