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map of Heian-kyō

Heian-kyō (平安京?, literally "tranquility and peace capital") was the capital of Japan from 794 to 1868.[1] Heian-kyō is one of several former names for the city now known as Kyoto.

In 794, Emperor Kammu established this city as Japan's capital. The move to Heian-kyo marks the beginning of the Heian period of Japanese history.[2]

City planning

The design of Heian-kyō mirrored grid pattern of Chang'an, which was the Tang Dynasty capital of China.

Related pages


  1. Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric. (2002). "Heian-kyō" in Japan Encyclopedia, pp. 303-304.
  2. Hall, John Whitney. (1988). The Cambridge History of Japan, p. 516–517.

Other websites

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