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|Emperor of Japan|
|Died||5 February 806(aged 70)|
|Buried||Kashiwabara no misasagi (Kyoto)|
Events of Kammu's life
Before he became the monarch, he was Crown Prince for eight years.
During his reign, Kammu tried to simplify the hierarchy and the functions of his government.
- 30 April 781 (Ten'ō 1, 3rd day of the 4th month): In the 11th year of Emperor Kōnin's reign, he abdicated. The succession (senso) was received by his son. Soon after, Emperor Kammu accepted the monarch's role and duties and powers (sokui). This was confirmed in ceremonies.
- 794 (Enryaku 13): When the capital was moved to Kyoto, the emperor's new home was named "Palace of Peace/Tranquility" (平安宮 Heian no Miya ).
- 17 November 794 (Enryaku 13, 21st day of the 10th month): The emperor traveled by carriage to the new capital. He moved in a grand parade. This marks the beginning of the Heian period in Japanese history.
- 806 (Enryaku 25): Kammu died at the age of 70.
After his death
Eras of reign
- Imperial Household Agency (Kunaichō), 桓武天皇 (50); retrieved 2011-10-20.
- Ponsonby-Fane, Richard. (1959). The Imperial House of Japan, pp. 61–62.
- Titsingh, Isaac. (1834). Annales des empereurs du Japon, pp. 86-95; Brown, Delmer et al. (1979) Gukanshō, pp. 277-279; Varley, H. Paul. (1980). Jinnō Shōtōki, pp. 148-150.
- Brown, p. 277.
- Titsingh, p. 86; Varley, p. 149.
- Watts, Jonathan. "The emperor's new roots: The Japanese emperor has finally laid to rest rumors that he has Korean blood, by admitting that it is true," The Guardian (London). 28 December 2001; retrieved 2011-10-20.
- Brown, p. 278.
- Brown, p. 279.
- Titsingh, pp. 91–92; Brown, pp. 278–79; Varley, p. 272.
- Brown, p. 34.
- Titsingh, pp. 85–86; Brown, p. 277.
- Titsingh, p. 86.
- Varley, p. 44; a distinct act of senso is unrecognized prior to Emperor Tenji; and all sovereigns except Jitō, Yōzei, Go-Toba, and Fushimi have senso and sokui in the same year until the reign of Emperor Go-Murakami. Compare Imperial Household Agency (Kunaichō), Ceremony of Accession (Sokui-no-Rei); retrieved 2011-12-23.
- Varley, p. 150.
- Titsingh, pp. 86-95.
|Emperor of Japan