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|Emperor of Japan|
|Born||6 August 1180|
|Died||28 March 1239|
|Place of death||Oki Island|
|Buried||Ōhara no Misasagi (大原陵) (Kyoto)|
This 12th century sovereign was named after Emperor Toba and go- (後) means "later". He is sometimes called the later Emperor Toba. In some older sources, this emperor may be identified as "Toba the Second" or as "Toba II".
Events of Go-Toba's life
Go-Toba was placed on the throne at the age of three.
- 8 September 1183 (Juei 2, 20th day of the 8th month): In the 3rd year of Antoku-tennō 's reign, the emperor and his court fled the capital. In the emperor's absence, former-Emperor Go-Shirakawa made Antoku's younger brother emperor by decree. A ceremony which marked the young prince's acceptance of the abdication (juzen).
- 1184' (Juei 3): Emperor Go-Toba is said to have accepted the monarch's role and duties and powers (sokui). This was confirmed in ceremonies.
- 1198 (Kenkyū 9): In the 15th year of Go-Toba's reign, he abdicated. His successor was his eldest son who became known as Emperor Tsuchimikado.
- 1221 (Jōkyū 3): Go-Toba and his supporters tried and failed to take power from the Kamakura shogunate. This was known as the Jōkyū War (Jōkyū no hen) Go-Toba was exiled to the Oki Islands where he stayed until his death.
- 13 May 1221 (Jōkyū 3, 20th day of the 4th month): Go-Toba's 4-year-old grandson was made emperor; and he became known as Emperor Chūkyō.
- 14 January 1222 (Jōkyū 3, 1st day of the 12th month): Go-Toba's nephew was made emperor; and he became known as Emperor Go-Horikawa.
After his death
Eras of Go-Toba's reign
The years of Go-Toba's reign are marked by more than one era name:.
- Imperial Household Agency (Kunaichō), 後鳥羽天皇 (82); retrieved 2011-12-20.
- Titsingh, Isaac. (1834). Annales des empereurs du Japon, pp. 207-221; Brown, Delmer et al. (1979). Gukanshō, pp. 334-339; Varley, H. Paul. (1980). Jinnō Shōtōki. pp. 215-220.
- Varley, p. 215.
- Titsingh, p. 207; Brown, p. 334.
- Titsingh, p. 207.
- Varley, p. 216.
- Titsingh, pp. 207; Brown, p. 334.
- Varley, p. 44; a distinct act of senso is unrecognized prior to Emperor Tenji; and all sovereigns except Jitō, Yōzei, Go-Toba, and Fushimi have senso and sokui in the same year until the reign of Emperor Go-Murakami. Compare Imperial Household Agency (Kunaichō), Ceremony of Accession (Sokui-no-Rei); retrieved 2011-12-23.
- Titsingh, pp. 219.
- Titsingh, p. 221.
- Titsingh, p. 230.
- Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric. (2002). "Jōkyū no Hen" in Japan encyclopedia, p. 431.
- Mason, R.H.P. Mason and J.G. Caiger. (1972). A History of Japan, p. 105.
- Titsingh, p. 236; Brown, p. 343.
- Titsingh, p. 238; Brown, p. 344.
- Titsingh, p. 244.
- Brownlee, John S. (1991). Political Thought in Japanese Historical Writing: From Kojiki (712) to Tokushi Yoron (1712), p.104.
- Titsingh, 207-221; Brown, p. 334-339.
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