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Geoffroy's cat




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Geoffroy's cat
Conservation status
Scientific classification
Species:
L. geoffroyi
Binomial name
Leopardus geoffroyi
(d'Orbigny & Gervais, 1844)[1]
Distribution of Geoffroy's Cat, 2015
Synonyms

Oncifelis geoffroyi

Geoffroy's cat (Leopardus geoffroyi) is a wild cat native to southern and central South America. It is about the size of a domestic cat. The species is relatively common in many areas, but is considered to be "near threatened" by IUCN.

The cat was examined and described by the early 19th century French anatomist Étienne Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire. He collected it on an expedition to South America.

Ecology and distribution

Geoffroy's cats live in the Andes, Pampas (scrubby forest parts), and Gran Chaco landscape. They are found from southern Bolivia to the Straits of Magellan, at heights from sea level to 3,300 metres (10,800 ft). They prefer open woodland or scrubland habitats with plenty of cover, but are also found in grasslands and marshy areas. Although they are able to climb trees, they rarely do so, except to leave faeces to scent mark their territory.[1]

Geoffroy's cat is nocturnal. It eats rodents, hares, small lizards, insects, and occasionally frogs and fish.[1] Like other small cats, it is a solitary hunter, and only comes together during the mating season. Females have territories ranging from 2 to 6 square kilometres (0.77 to 2.32 sq mi), while males have larger ranges, reaching up to 12 square kilometres (4.6 sq mi).[1]

Geoffroy's Cat.jpg

References

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 Wozencraft, W. C. (2005). "Order Carnivora". In Wilson, D. E.; Reeder, D. M. Mammal Species of the World (3rd ed.). Johns Hopkins University Press. pp. 538. ISBN 978-0-8018-8221-0 . OCLC 62265494 . http://www.bucknell.edu/msw3/browse.asp?id=14000087.