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George Marshall

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This person won a Nobel Prize
General of the Army
George Catlett Marshall
50th United States Secretary of State
In office
January 21, 1947 – January 20, 1949
President Harry S. Truman
Preceded by James F. Byrnes
Succeeded by Dean Acheson
3rd United States Secretary of Defense
In office
September 21, 1950 – September 12, 1951
President Harry S. Truman
Preceded by Louis A. Johnson
Succeeded by Robert A. Lovett
15th United States Army Chief of Staff
In office
September 1, 1939 – November 18, 1945
Preceded by Malin Craig
Succeeded by Dwight D. Eisenhower
Personal details
Born December 31, 1880(1880-12-31)
Uniontown, Pennsylvania
Died October 16, 1959(1959-10-16) (aged 78)
Washington, D.C.
Political party Democratic
Spouse(s) Katherine Boyce Tupper
Elizabeth Carter Cole
Alma mater Virginia Military Institute
Profession Soldier
Religion Episcopal[1]
Military service
Allegiance United States United States of America
Service/branch United States Army
Years of service 1902–1945 also through to 1959 (General of the Army regulations)
Rank US-O11 insignia.svg General of the Army
Commands Flag of the Chief of Staff of the United States Army.svgChief of Staff of the United States Army
Battles/wars Philippine–American War
World War I

World War II

Awards Distinguished Service Medal (2)
Silver Star
Nobel Peace Prize

George Catlett Marshall (December 31, 1880 – October 16, 1959) was an American military leader, Chief of Staff of the Army, Secretary of State, and the third Secretary of Defense. Marshall served as the United States Army Chief of Staff during World War II. As Secretary of State, his name was given to the Marshall Plan. For this plan, he was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in 1953.[2]


  1. George Catlett Marshall, General of the Army
  2. W. Del Testa, David; Florence Lemoine and John Strickland (2001). Government Leaders, Military Rulers, and Political Activists. pp. 120.