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|Town subdivisions||12 districts|
|Lord Mayor||Henning Binnewies (SPD)|
|Area||92.58 km2 (35.75 sq mi)|
|Elevation||255 m (837 ft)|
|Population||43,058 (30 June 2006)|
|- Density||465 /km2 (1,205 /sq mi)|
|Time zone||CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)|
|Postal codes||38640, 38642, 38644|
|Area codes||05321, 05325|
The German Emperor Henry I founded Goslar in 922. In the 11th century Goslar became seat of a Pfalz, a temporary seat of the Emperor. In 1253 Goslar became a Free City (that means without being ruled a Duke) in the Holy Roman Empire and joined the Hanseatic League.
Henry 4th a Holy Roman Emperor came from Goslar.
In the Thirty-year War Goslar belonged to the loyalists of the Emperor, although its territory belonged to a Protestant region. The Swedish King Gustav II Adolph punished Goslar for supporting the imperial forces. After 1642 Goslar came under the rule of the Welfs.
In the 19th century Goslar lost its economic base. Now it lives mainly on tourism.