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Hoplitodromos (Hoplite shield)

The Greek shield of Ancient Greece was called a hoplon. It was from this word that hoplite (a Greek soldier) is derived.[source?] A hoplon shield was a deeply-dished shield made of wood. Some shields had a thin sheet of bronze on the outer face. This was placed just around the rim. In some periods, the shield was decorated. At other times, it remained undecorated.

Probably the most famous decoration is the Spartan. This was a capital lambda (Λ). From the late 5th century BC onward, Athenian hoplites usually used the Little Owl (Athena's sacred bird). The shields of Theban hoplites were sometimes decorated with a sphinx, or the club of Herakles.