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Guglielmo Marconi

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Guglielmo Marconi
Born25 April 1874(1874-04-25)
Palazzo Marescalchi, Bologna, Italy
Died20 July 1937(1937-07-20) (aged 63)
Rome, Italy
Alma materUniversity of Bologna
Known forRadio
Notable awardsNobel Prize for Physics (1909)

Guglielmo Marconi (ɡuʎˈʎɛːlmo marˈkoːni; 25 April 1874-20 July 1937) was an Italian inventor, known for being a major part of inventing long distance radio communication[1] and for his development of Marconi's law and a radio telegraph system. Marconi is often named as the inventor of radio, and he shared the 1909 Nobel Prize in Physics with Karl Ferdinand Braun for their help.[2][3][4] Much of Marconi's work in radio transmission was built upon previous experimentation[5] and the work by others such as Hertz, Maxwell, Faraday, Popov, Lodge, Fessenden, Stone, Bose, and Tesla. As an entrepreneur, businessman, and founder of The Wireless Telegraph & Signal Company in Britain in 1897, Marconi made a successful business of radio by creating and building on the work of previous experimenters and physicists.[6][7] In 1924, he was ennobled as Marchese Marconi. Back in Italy, he went on to become a member of the Grand Council of Fascism.


  1. "Guglielmo Marconi – The father of long distance radio communication – An engineer's tribute".
  2. "Guglielmo Marconi: The Nobel Prize in Physics 1909"
  3. "Welcome to IEEE Xplore 2.0: Sir J.C. Bose diode detector received Marconi's first transatlanticwireless signal of December 1901 (the "Italian Navy Coherer"Scandal Revisited)". Retrieved 2009-01-29.
  4. Roy, Amit (2008-12-08). "Cambridge 'pioneer' honour for Bose". The Telegraph (Calcutta: Retrieved 2010-06-10.
  5. Williams, H. S., & Williams, E. H. (1910). Every-day science. New York: Goodhue Company. Page 54.
  6. Icons of invention: the makers of the modern world from Gutenberg to Gates. ABC-CLIO. Retrieved 07-08-2011.
  7. Ingenious Ireland: A County-by-County Exploration of the Mysteries and Marvels of the Ingenious Irish. Simon and Schuster. Retrieved 07-08-2011.

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