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The Huns were an early group of Central Asian equestrian nomads or semi-nomads. They moved into Europe around 370, and in the 5th century, built an empire there under Attila the Hun. After Attila's death in 453, the empire fell apart.
- Walter Pohl has remarked "early medieval peoples were far less homogeneous than often thought. They themselves shared the fundamental belief to be of common origin; and modern historians, for a long time, found no reason to think otherwise." (Walter Pohl, "Conceptions of Ethnicity in Early Medieval Studies" Debating the Middle Ages: Issues and Readings, ed. Lester K. Little and Barbara H. Rosenwein, (Blackwell), 1998, p 16). In reviewing Joachim Werner's Beiträge zur Archäologie des Attila-Reiches (Munich 1956), in Speculum 33.1 (January 1958), p 159, Otto J. Maenchen-Helfen noted with relief that "the author is not concerned with the slightly infantile question, 'who' the Huns were; he does not ask where the Huns 'ultimately' came from."
- Note:These may not be written in Basic English.
- Otto J. Mänchen-Helfen: The Legend of the Origin of the Huns (published in Byzantion, vol. XVII, 1944-45, pp. 244–251)
- E. A. Thompson: A History of Attila and the Huns (London, Oxford University Press, 1948)
- J. Webster: The Huns and Existentialist Thought (Loudonville, Siena College Press, 2006)
- Coinage and History of the White Huns- Waleed Ziad- Articles from the 'Journal of the Oriental Numismatic Society', 2004-2006
- The History Files Europe: The Origins of the Huns, based on conversations with Kemal Cemal, Turkey, 2002