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Italian Social Republic

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Italian Social Republic
Repubblica Sociale Italiana
Puppet state of Nazi Germany[1]

War Flag Coat of arms
From the Gustav Line to the Gothic Line
Capital Salò (de facto)
Rome (claimed)
Language(s) Italian
Government Republic,
Single-party state,
Fascist dictatorship
 - 1943–1945 Benito Mussolini
 - 1943–1945 Rudolf Rahn
Historical era World War II
 - Gran Sasso raid September 12, 1943
 - Mussolini's Restoration September 23, 1943
 - Partisan Uprising April 25, 1945
Currency Republican Lira (de jure)
Italian lira (de facto)
Italian social republic map.png

The Italian Social Republic (Italian: Repubblica Sociale Italiana or RSI) was a provisional government sponsored by and allied with Nazi Germany.[1] It was led by Benito Mussolini and his Republican Fascist Party. In name, it controlled northern Italy but, in fact, the land was under German military control. The country had another informal name, Salò Republic (Italian: Repubblica di Salò), after where their headquarters was located. Before 25 November 1943, the official name of the country was widely called Republican State of Italy and Republican National State (Italian: Stato Nazionale Repubblicano).[3] It was the second and last Fascist Italian state.


  1. 1.0 1.1 Pauley, Bruce F. (2003), Hitler, Stalin and Mussolini: Totalitarianism in the Twentieth Century Italy (2nd ed.), Wheeling: Harlan Davidson, p. 228, ISBN 088295993X .
  2. "Italy 1922-1943".
  3. Palla, M. (2000) Mussolini and fascism, p. 137. ISBN 1566563402

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Media related to Repubblica Sociale Italiana at Wikimedia Commons