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Jōan (承安) was a Japanese era name (年号, nengō, , lit. "year name") after Kaō and before Angen. This period started in April 1171 and ended in July 1175. The reigning emperor was Takakura-tennō (高倉天皇).
Events of the Jōan era
- 1172 (Jōan 1, 3rd day of the 1st month): Takakura reached the age of 11 years; and this was marked by coming of age ceremonies.
- 1171 (Jōan 1, 13th day of the 1st month): Takakura visited the home of former-Emperor Go-Shirakawa. In this setting, he first met Taira no Tokuko (平徳子). She was the adopted daughter of Go-Shirakawa and the actual daughter of Taira no Kiomori. Takakura accepted the 15-year-old girl as his consort.
- 1171 (Jōan 2, 10th day of the 2nd month): Tokuko became Takakura's secondary empress (chūgo).
- 1173 (Jōan 3, 1st day of the 4th month): Shinran, founder of Jodo Shinshu, was born.
- 1174 (Jōan 4, 1st month): The emperor made visits to his father and to his mother.
- Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric. (2005). "Jō-an" in Japan Encyclopedia, p. 427.
- Titsingh, Isaac. (1834). Annales des empereurs du japon, pp. 195-200; Brown, Delmer et al. (1979). Gukanshō, pp. 330-333; Varley, H. Paul. (1980). Jinnō Shōtōki. pp. 212-214.
- Titsingh, p. 196; Brown, p. 331.
- Later in life, Taira no Tokuko will become known as Kenreimon-in
- Titsingh, p. 196.
- Kitagawa, H. (1975). The Tale of the Heike, p. 783; Titsingh, p. 197.
- Titsingh, p. 197.
- Titsingh, p. 197; Brown, p. 331.
- National Diet Library, "The Japanese Calendar" -- historical overview plus illustrative images from library's collection
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