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Jōwa (Muromachi period)
Jōwa (貞和) was a Japanese era name (年号 nengō , literally, year name) of the Northern Court during the Nanboku-chō period after after Kōei and before Kannō. This period started in October 1345 and ended in February 1350. The pretenders in Kyoto were Emperor Kōmyō (光明天皇 Kōmyō-tennō ) and Emperor Sukō (崇光天皇 Sukō Tennō , ). Their Southern Court rival in Yoshino was Emperor Go-Murakami (後村上天皇 Go-Murakami-tennō ).
Events of the Jōwa era
- 1346 (Jōwa 2, 2nd month): Takatsukasa Morohira was relieved of his duties as Chancellor (kampaku); and he was replaced by Nijō Yoshimoto.
- 1347 (Jōwa 3, 9th month): Nijō Yoshimoto was demoted; and he was given the role of Minister of the Left (sadaijin).
- 2 December 1348 (Jōwa 4, 16th day of the 11th month): Former-Emperor Hanazono died.
- 1349 (Jōwa 5): Go-Murakami fled to A'no.
- 1349 (Jōwa 5): Ashikaga Motouji was appointed Kamakura Kanrei
Southern Court nengō
- Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric. (2005). "Jōwa" in Japan encyclopedia, p. 434.
- Nussbaum, "Kōmyō Tennō," p. 555; Titsingh, Isaac. (1834). Annales des empereurs du japon, pp. 294-299.
- Nussbaum, "Go-Murakami Tennō," p. 257.
- Titsingh, p. 297.
- Carpenter, John T. (2006), The Fujii Eikan Bunko Collection, imperial calligraphy of premodern Japan : scribal conventions for poems and letters from the palace, p. 74; Imperial Household Agency (Kunaichō), 花園天皇 (95); retrieved 2012-10-1.
- Ackroyd, Joyce. (1982) Lessons from History: the Tokushi Yoron, p.329.
- National Diet Library, "The Japanese Calendar" -- historical overview plus illustrative images from library's collection
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