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# Kenneth Walker

Kenneth Newton Walker
NicknameKen
Born17 July 1898
Cerrillos, New Mexico
Died5 January 1943 (aged 44)
Rabaul, New Britain
Places of Burial
(markers only)
Arlington National Cemetery
Manila American Cemetery, Philippines
Allegiance United States of America
Service/branch United States Army Air Corps
Years of service1917–1943
Service number0-12510
Commands heldV Bomber Command
18th Pursuit Group
Battles/warsWorld War II
AwardsMedal of Honor
Distinguished Service Cross
Silver Star
Legion of Merit
Purple Heart

Brigadier General Kenneth Newton Walker (17 July 1898 – 5 January 1943) was a United States Army aviator. He was also a United States Army Air Forces general who had a significant influence on the development of airpower doctrine. He posthumously received the Medal of Honor in World War II.

Walker joined the United States Army in 1917. It was after the American entry into World War I. He trained as an aviator and became a flying instructor. In 1920 and after the end of the war, he received a commission in the Regular Army. After service in various capacities he graduated from the Air Corps Tactical School in 1929. Then he served as an instructor there. He supported the creation of a separate air organization for strategic bombardment. He published articles on the subject and becoming part of a clique known as the "Bomber Mafia". They argued for bombers over other forms of military aviation.

Even after he was promoted to Brigadier General, Walker frequently flew combat missions over New Guinea. For this he received the Silver Star. On 5 January 1943, he was shot down and killed leading a daylight bombing raid over Rabaul. It was for this action he was awarded the Medal of Honor.

## Legacy

In January 1948, Roswell Army Air Field in Roswell, New Mexico, was renamed Walker Air Force Base in honor of Walker.[1] The base was closed on 30 June 1967.[2] Walker Hall and its Walker Air Power Room are at Maxwell Air Force Base. They are also named after him. It is the home of the Air Force Doctrine Development and Education Center.[1] The Walker Papers is an Air Force Fellows program. It annually honors the top three research papers produced by Air Force Fellows with the Walker Series award. The Walker Series recognizes the contributions each Fellow has made to research supporting air and space power and its use in the implementation of US strategic policy.[3]

## Notes

1. Byrd 1997, p. 135
2. "History of Walker Air Force Base". Walker Aviation Museum. Retrieved January 3, 2012.
3. "Air Force Fellows". United States Air Force. Retrieved January 3, 2012.

## References

• Biddle, Tami Davis (2004). Rhetoric and Reality in Air Warfare: The Evolution of British and American Ideas About Strategic Bombing, 1914–1945. Princeton, New Jersey: Princeton University Press.
      .

      . http://www.dtic.mil/cgi-bin/GetTRDoc?AD=ADA324090&Location=U2&doc=GetTRDoc.pdf. Retrieved January 3, 2012.

• Cline, Ray S. (1951). Washington Command Post: The Operations Division. United States Army in World War II. Washington, DC: Center of Military History, Department of the Army.
      . OCLC 53302987
. CMH pub 1-2.

• Clodfelter, Mark (January 1994). "Pinpointing Devastation: American Air Campaign Planning Before Pearl Harbor". The Journal of Military History 58 (1): pp. 75–101.
• Cate, James Lea; Williams, E. Kathleen (1948). "The Air Corps Prepares for War 1939–41". In Craven, Wesley Frank; Cate, James Lea. Vol. I, Plans and Early Operations, January 1939 to August 1942. The Army Air Forces in World War II. University of Chicago Press. pp. 151–193.
      . http://www.ibiblio.org/hyperwar/AAF/I/index.html. Retrieved January 3, 2012.

      . OCLC 437298983
.

• Hansell, Haywood (1972). The Air Plan That Defeated Hitler. Atlanta, Georgia: Arno Press.
      .

• Johnson, David E. (1998). Fast Tanks and Heavy Bombers: Innovation in the U.S. Army, 1917–1945. Cornell Studies in Security Affairs. Ithaca, New York: Cornell University Press.
      . OCLC 38602804
.

      . OCLC 1227801

• Kreis, John F., ed. (1996). Piercing the Fog: Intelligence and Army Air Forces Operations in World War II. Bolling Air Force Base, District of Columbia: Air Force History and Museums Program.
      . OCLC 32396801
.

• Meilinger, Phillip (October 1998). "U.S. Air Force Leaders: A Biographical Tour". The Journal of Military History 62 (4): pp. 833–870.
• Rodman, Matthew K. (2005). A War of Their Own: Bombers over the Southwest Pacific. Maxwell Air Force Base, Alabama: Air University.
      . OCLC 475083118

      . http://www.dtic.mil/cgi-bin/GetTRDoc?Location=U2&doc=GetTRDoc.pdf&AD=ADA441608. Retrieved January 3, 2012.

      . OCLC 39380518

      . http://www.dtic.mil/cgi-bin/GetTRDoc?AD=ada420747. Retrieved January 3, 2012.

      . http://www.ibiblio.org/hyperwar/AAF/IV/index.html. Retrieved January 3, 2012.