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Kublai Khan

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Kublai Khan (September 1, 1215- February 18, 1294) was a great Mongol khan who brought the empire to its greatest height. He finished the invasion of China and founded the Yuan Dynasty. He lived during the 13th century, or the 1200s AD. Kublai Khan was the grandson of the great Mongol king Genghis Khan.

Early life

Kublai Khan was born to Tolui, and his wife Sorghaghtani. While growing up, he participated in campaigns with his father, until he was 17 when his father died.[1]

Rise to Power

Kublai also participated in campaigns with his older brother, Mongke. When Mongke died in 1259, Kublai had to fight against his younger brother to become Great Khan even though he was next in line to rule.[2]

Yuan Dynasty

Soon, Kublai led armies against the Song Dynasty and took over most of China, though he could not take over Japan and Java.[3] He established a new dynasty, called the Yuan Dynasty, that had chinese ideas but Mongolian roots.


  1. Davis, Paul K., and Stanley Sandler. "Kublai Khan." World History: Ancient and Medieval Eras. ABC-CLIO, 2013. Web. 27 Feb. 2013.
  2. Buell, Paul D.“Kublai Khan.” Encyclopedia of Modern Asia. Gale, 2003. Biography in Context. 27 Feb. 2013.
  3. Davis, Richard L. "Kublai Khan." World Book Advanced. World Book, 2013. Web. 27 Feb. 2013.