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Laws of war

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The Laws of war are some simple rules which most people accept about fighting. Many people think that because there is fighting, there should be no rules. This is called "total war". However, laws of war have been made so that wars do not get worse than they need to be.

  1. Anything marked as a hospital, an ambulance, a doctor, or a first aid person are not to be shot at. Those places, vehicles, and people should not have weapons.
  2. Anyone fighting in the war has to wear a uniform. They can only wear the uniform of their side. Also they have to carry their weapons out in the open where it can be seen.
  3. Anyone carrying or waving a plain white flag or piece of cloth must not be attacked. That person should also not attack anyone. They may want to surrender, or just talk about ways to solve the problem without more fighting.
  4. Any enemy soldier captured must be treated fairly as a prisoner of war.
  5. Religious buildings such as churchs, mosques, and temples should never be a target of fighting or used in fighting.
  6. Occupied territory should be governed fairly and not looted or devastated.

Where the laws come from

These laws come from various treaties. Some of these treaties are: