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Lincoln developed from the Roman town of Lindum Colonia. Before then it was an Iron Age settlement. Lincoln's major landmarks are Lincoln Cathedral, a famous example of English Gothic architecture, and Lincoln Castle, an 11th-century Norman castle.
- Kendrick A.F. 1902. The Cathedral Church of Lincoln: a history and description of its fabric and a list of the bishops. London: George Bell & Sons, p. 60. ISBN 978-1-178-03666-4 The tall spire of timber, covered with lead, which originally crowned this tower reached an altitude, it is said, of 525 feet; but this is doubtful. This spire was blown down during a tempest in January 1547-8.
- Mary Jane Taber 1905. The cathedrals of England: an account of some of their distinguishing characteristics, p.100
- "Lincoln Cathedral - History". The Dean and Chapter of Lincoln Cathedral. http://lincolncathedral.com/building/history/. Retrieved 8 December 2011. "Between 1307 and 1311 the central tower was raised to its present height. Then around 1370 to 1400 the western towers were heightened. All three towers had spires until 1549 when the central tower's spire blew down. It had been the tallest building in the world."
- "KS01 Usual resident population: Census 2001, Key Statistics for urban areas". 21 April 2007. https://web.archive.org/web/20070421211031/http://www.statistics.gov.uk/StatBase/ssdataset.asp?vlnk=8271&Pos=2&ColRank=1&Rank=224.
- ONS: Mid 2012 Population Estimates: cited in James Wilkinson : City of Lincoln Council Lincoln Drivers Report Winter 2013 Archived 2014-09-03 at the Wayback Machine Retrieved 29 August 2014