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Margherita of Savoy

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Margherita of Savoy
Queen of Italy
Queen Margharitha di Savoia.jpg
Born November 20, 1851(1851-11-20)
Birthplace Turin
Died January 4, 1926(1926-01-04) (aged 74)
Place of death Bordighera
Buried Pantheon, Rome
Consort January 9, 1878 - July 29, 1900
Consort to Umberto I
Children Victor Emmanuel III
Royal House House of Savoy
Father Prince Ferdinand, Duke of Genoa
Mother Princess Elizabeth of Saxony

Margherita di Savoia or Margaret of Savoy (born November 20, 1851 in Turin, died January 4, 1926 in Bordighera), was an Italian queen of the Kingdom of Italy during the reign (1878-1900) of her husband, Humbert I.


She was a daughter of Ferdinand, Duke of Genoa and Elizabeth of Saxony. Her paternal grandparents were Charles Albert of Sardinia and Maria Theresa of Austria and Tuscany. Her maternal grandparents were John of Saxony and Princess Amalie Auguste of Bavaria.

Marriage and child

She married her first cousin Humbert (Umberto) on April 21, 1868. On November 11, 1869, Margherita gave birth to Victor Emmanuel, Prince of Naples.


On January 9, 1878, Humbert succeeded as the new King of Italy. She became his Queen consort and remained by his side for the rest of his reign. Humbert was assassinated by anarchist Gaetano Bresci on July 29, 1900.

Margherita supported artists and writers,and the Red Cross, and founded cultural institutions, like the Società del Quartetto, and the Casa di Dante.

In 1889 the pizza Margherita was named after her. It is the colors of the Italian flag. Red sauce, green basil and white cheese. After the pizza, a Peak was named like the queen, and then in 2007, the third highest mountain in Africa.

Politically she supported the Fascism.

Titles and styles

Titles and styles

  • 20 November 1851 – 21 April 1868 Her Royal Highness Princess Margherita of Savoy
  • 21 April 1868 – 9 January 1878 Her Royal Highness The Princess of Piedmont
  • 9 January 1878 – 29 July 1900 Her Majesty The Queen of Italy
  • 29 July 1900 – 4 January 1926 Her Majesty The Queen Mother of Italy