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Max Horkheimer

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Max Horkheimer
Full name Max Horkheimer
Born February 14, 1895(1895-02-14)
Zuffenhausen (now Stuttgart), Württemberg, Germany
Died July 7, 1973(1973-07-07) (aged 78)
Nuremberg, Bavaria, Germany
Era 20th century philosophy
Region Western Philosophy
School Frankfurt School, critical theory, Western Marxism
Notable ideas Critical theory opposed to traditional theory, the culture industry, authoritarian personality, eclipse of reason

Max Horkheimer (February 14, 1895 – July 7, 1973) was a German philosopher and sociologist. He was famous for his work in critical theory as a member of the 'Frankfurt School' of social research.

His most important works include The Eclipse of Reason (1947), "Between Philosophy and Social Science" (1930–1938) and, in collaboration with Theodor Adorno, The Dialectic of Enlightenment (1947). Through the Frankfurt School, Horkheimer planned, supported and made other significant works possible.[1]


His collected works have been issued in German as Gesammelte Schriften, 19 volumes, edited by Alfred Schmidt and Gunzelin Schmid Noerr. S. Fischer Verlag, Frankfurt am Main 1985-1996.


  1. "Horkheimer, Max" Dictionary of the Social Sciences. Craig Calhoun, ed. Oxford University Press 2002. Oxford Reference Online. Oxford University Press. College of the Holy Cross. 14 October 2009 Oxford profile